Corporate profiles compiled by George Draffan
Public Information Network, PO Box 95316, Seattle WA 98145-2316 USA
FAIR USE NOTICE: This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental, political and economic issues.
BAIA MARE GOLD MINE see Esmerelda
Law firm to receive a license to open an office in Vietnam, according to Vietnamese officials (Reuters, Seattle Times, May 21, 1993, p.C11).
Seven hundred million dollar, 250 megawatt hydroelectric dam on the Uatuma River north of the town of Manaus in Brazil. The reservoir floods 2400 square kilometers of intact, primary rainforest, including part of the Waimiri-Atroari "Reserve." The population of the indigenous Waimiri-Atroari dropped by two-thirds between 1972 and 1974, during construction of the infamous BR-174 highway. Less than 600 remained when dam construction began in 1981; by 1983, 300 remained. The floodgates were closed in 1987. The miniscule electric production is supposed to be made up by the planned construction of the Cachoeira Porteira dam. Electronorte has also proposed the construction of a $700 million canal to divert a neighboring river in order to increase the Balbina reservior. Electrobras is also involved. See Barbara J. Cummings, Dam the Rivers, Damn the People: Development and Resistance in Amazonian Brazil (Earthscan Publications, London, 1990).
There is also mining in the area: Paranapanema opened part of the Reserve in 1979.
BALIKPAPAN FOREST INDUSTRIES
Japanese sawtimber operation in east Kalimantan, Indonesia (SKEPHI, 1990, Selling Our Common Heritage).
India's largest papermaker; it will have a 40 percent share in the Indo Indrapuri pulp mill in Aceh, north Sumatra, Indonesia. PT Risjadson's Takengon Pulp & Paper is Ballapur's partner in the operation, which has access to about 165,000 hectares. Output will be exported to other Asian countries, including India (PPI: Pulp & Paper International, July 1992, p. 19).
Ecuador shrimp farming (International Business, Jan. 1992, p. 17-19).
BANAHAW AND MANILA MINING
Gold mining in the Philippines (Engineering & Mining Journal, Mar. 1992, p.136-143).
Latin America's oldest private-sector bank, Brazil's largest diversified financial group in terms of loans, and a major investor in petrochemicals, steel, agribusiness, tourism, corporate finance, privatization, trade finance, private banking and asset trading (advertisement in Fortune, May 31, 1993, p.263).
Guatemalan banana subsidiary of Del Monte.
Bank of America Center, San Francisco CA 94104
The second largest U.S. bank (after Citicorp), with $116 billion in assets in 1991. More than 80 percent of its assets are in the western U.S., but it also operates in Europe, Asia, and Latin America (Hoover's Handbook of American Business 1993, p. 144-145).
Bankamerica has opened offices in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (Seattle Times, Jan. 5, 1994, p. D6).
AT&T is a member of the National Wildlife Federation's Corporate Conservation Council.
BANKERS TRUST NEW YORK
Bankers Trust Australia Ltd. subsidiary received political risk insurance from U.S. OPIC to cover its financing of the Damang gold mine in southwestern Ghana. The gold mine is being developed by Abosso Goldfields Ltd., an Accra, Ghana-based subsidiary of Ranger Minerals N.L. (U.S. OPIC press release, June 13, 1995).
Huet Holdings signed a contract with Komi Republic of European Russia to buy 49 percent of four Komi logging companies and 39 percent of a fifth; Huet will get a 19,000 square kilometer, 40-year concession. The concession is near the Pechoro (River)-Ilych Biosphere Reserve, one of the few remaining undisturbed boreal forest areas of Europe, and created in 1930. Huet is being aided by Banque Lazard, Eurobank; Jaako Poyry wrote a forestry plan that would reduce buffer protection to the Biosphere Reserve. Most of the timber is to be exported (Taiga News, Jan. 1994, p. 3).
BARAMA COMPANY LTD.
Barama is a joint holding company of Korea-based Sun Kyong and Samling Timber of Malaysia. In 1991 Barama obtained a 50-year license to 4 million acres of lands in the North-West and Mazaruni districts of Guyana. The concession includes traditional lands of the Warrau, Arawak (Lo-kono), Carib (Ka-rinya), and Akawaio tribes (World Rainforest Report, Feb. 1992, No. 21: 34). Georgia-Pacific is purchasing plywood from Barama (Rainforest Action Network. G-P Lip Sevice Kisses Off Guyana's Forests. Action Alert, Sept. 1995, No. 112).
Illegal stock trading in 1995 by one of its brokers cast Barings into bankruptcy.
BARITO PACIFIC TIMBER GROUP
Barito Pacific is the corporation of Prajogo Pangetsu, Asia's largest timber operator, with 5.5 million hectares of timber (including an acacia plantation in Subanjerji, south Sumatra), some 50,000 employees, and state loans of more than $1 billion. Suharto's eldest child Siti Hardijanti Rukmana is a partner of Prajogo's (Dauvergne, Shadows in the Forest, p. 71).
PT Enim Musi Letsari is building a pulp mill near the Musi River in south Sumatra; the company has access to 200,000 hectares of forest; Brown & Root Forest Products is involved (PPI: Pulp & Paper International, July 1992, p.19).
Partnerships with the state-owned Inhutani in Palembang, South Sumatra (Asian Timber, Apr. 1992, p. 16). Enim Lestari
Mitsubishi is involved with Barito Pacific in the Moluccas (Native Forest News, No. 2, 1993, citing the Rainforest Action Network).
BARRANCA DEL COBRE TIMBER PROJECT
Sierra Madre, Chihuahua, Mexico
In 1986, Mexico asked the World Bank for funding to increase logging on 67 millon acres in the Sierra Madre Occidental in Chihuahua. The World Bank proposed loaning $45.5 million to open 20 million acres in order to log four billion board feet; the World Bank proposal has apparently failed. The area includes old growth pine and oak forest in the Barranca del Cobre, or Copper Canyon, which is 350 miles south of the U.S. border, an ecologically diverse area ranging from sea level to 10,000 feet, and is home to 40,000 Tarahumara people (see "War in the Sierra Madres: Mexico's Tarahumara Defend Their Forests Against Loggers, World Bankers, and Druglords," by Sam Hitt, in Wild Forest Review, May 1994, p. 23-25; Hitt is director of Forest Guardians; FG's Sierra Madre project coordinator is Randy Gingrich; telephone 505-988-9126. See also Earth Island Journal, Spring 1995).
The World Bank contact is William Beattie. Anthropologist and forester Dominque Irvine was hired by the World Bank in 1991 to study the project's impacts (see "A Loan in the Woods: Can Mexico's Copper Canyon Survive the World Bank?" by Lawrence Lack, in Outside Magazine, Aug. 1992, p. 30, 32).
One of the largest waterfalls in North America, La Cascada de Basaseachic, on El Rio Cardemena, is within the area (Ancient Forest International's News of Old Growth, Winter 1993/94, citing Native Seeds/SEARCH, 2509 N. Campbell Ave., #325, Tucson AZ 85719, 602-327-9123).
The Anahuac pulp mill is backed by $350 million from Chase Manhattan (the article by Sam Hitt cited above says $175 million); most of the pulp is exported to the United States (Earth First! Journal, Nov. 1, 1993, p.17, and Wild Forest Review, May 1994, p. 24).
BARRICK RESOURCES see American Barrick Resources
D-6700 Ludwigshafen, Germany
telephone 49-621-601 fax 49-621-604-2525
BASF Corp., 8 Campus Dr., Parsippany NJ 07054
telephone 201-397-2700 fax 201-397-2737
Founded as Badische Anilin & Soda-Fabrik in 1861. Invented synthetic coal tar dyes, ammonia, and nitrogenous fertilizers. BASF scientists received Nobel prizes, but were charged with war crimes for involvement with poison gases in World War I. After entering the I.G. Farben trust, BASF developed polystyrene, PVC, magnetic tape, and synthetic rubber. I.G. Farben was broken up after World War II, but BASF expanded and diversified, including into the U.S. BASF now manufactures plastics, fibers, chemicals, fertilizers and herbicides, dyes, consumer products like audio and video tapes, pharmaceuticals, and paints. It is also involved in oil and gas production, and has agreements for North Sea and Russian natural gas (Hoover's Handbook of World Business 1993, p. 138-139).
The Council on Economic Priorities produced an environmental report on BASF in 1991-92 ($20 from CEP, 30 Irving Place, New York NY 10003, 1-800-729-4237).
See also I.G. Farben.
BASIC RESOURCES INTERNATIONAL (BRI)
Bahamas-based, Canadian-financed company.
Has an oil concession in northwestern Peten, Guatemala, formerly belonging to Texaco. (Peten is Guatemala's largest remaining humid tropical forest. Guatemalan Armed Forces operate logging concessions in the Peten. Campesinos are opening farms). BRI's Xan I oil well (which had a spill in 1990) is on the edge of the Laguna del Tigre reserve. Two more wells are proposed inside the reserve. BRI also plans a refinery for asphalt, kerosene, diesel, and gasoline. See Florence Gardner, "Sacrificing the Forest," in Multinational Monitor (Jan/Feb. 1991, p. 12).
BATTLE MT. GOLD
333 Clay St. 42nd Floor, Houston TX 77002
Battle Mt. Exploration, 2700 E. Executive Dr., Suite 150, Tucson AZ 85706
Owns 51 percent of the Kori Kollo gold mine in Bolivia, which uses the cyanide leaching process; Westworld Resources owns another 25 percent of the mine. According to U.S. OPIC's 1991 Annual Report, Battle Mt. receives OPIC assistance for its Bolivian gold mining.
BMG also has gold reserves in Papua New Guinea.
Clothing retailer Eddie Bauer has contracted factories in military-controlled Burma through agents in Hong Kong; Bauer's Burmese supplier, Yangon Garment Ltd., is 45 percent owned by the Burmese military regime SLORC. Bauer claims it looks at factory conditions and wages when in the coountries where it has operations (Eric Sigliano, Bauer's Burma Road, Seattle Weekly, Feb. 1, 1995, p. 16-17).
$650 million bauxite mine and shipping facility near Los Pijiguaos, Venezuela, near the Orinoco River (Multinational Monitor, Nov. 1991).
5090 Leverkusen, Bayerwerk, Germany
U.S. Headquarters: Miles Inc., One Mellon Center, 500 Grant St., Pittsburgh PA 15219
World War I: Bayer made the first poison gas used by Germany in World War I; Bayer's U.S. operations were seized in 1917 and sold to Sterling Drug.
World War II: Bayer was part of the I.G. Farben trust; it again lost part of its operations when I.G. Farben was broken up after World War II, but became an independent company in 1951.
Bayer's U.S. operations (Bayer, Miles, Mobay, and Agfa) were merged into the name Miles in 1992. Health care provided over half of Bayer's 1991 income, but it is also involved in chemicals, dyes, food additives, film and lab equipment, plastics, rubber, and consumer products (Cutter's insect repellant, Flintstones vitamins, S.O.S. soap pads, Alka-Seltzer antacid, etc).
BAYERwatch is devoted to monitoring the violations of human and environmental rights caused by this company.
Bayer pulls out of Genetic Engineering Research in India; Admits to Greenpeace the Future is in 'Conventional' Breeding. Greenpeace India Press Release, 15 November 2004.
In an admission of immense significance to the entire genetic engineering (GE) industry, Bayer Crop Science has conceded to Greenpeace India that all its projects on genetically engineered (GE) crops have been 'discontinued.' This admission is a direct result of a protracted direct action by Greenpeace at the Bayer headquarters in Mumbai on 30th September 2004. In a letter sent to Greenpeace last week, Aloke V. Pradhan, head of Corporate Communications states Bayer's future plans for India, "Overall, Bayer Crop Science India will continue to focus in the coming years on its conventional plant breeding research programme."
"We don't need genetically engineered crops to feed India," said Divya Raghunandan, genetic engineering campaigner for Greenpeace India. "Around the world, in fact, the promises made by the genetic engineering industry have been unfulfilled, whether of increasing crop yields or reducing pesticide use." (see footnote 1) She continued, "It doesn't surprise us that Bayer is giving up GE experiments in India. They saw the writing on the wall - the Indian public was not going to accept their manipulated cabbages and cauliflowers - and they cut their losses. It's time for the rest of the industry to give up on this misguided and inappropriate technology."
The significance of this pull-out for Bayer, and indeed the entire genetic engineering industry, cannot be overestimated. In the second largest country in the world, with 80% of the population involved in agriculture, the Indian market for agro-chemical and seed companies is enormous. This retreat follows two decisions that set Bayer back earlier this year. In March 2004, the company announced they would be pulling out of GE crop research in the UK. A few months later, in June, Bayer announced they would not pursue commercialization of GE canola in Australia. Bayer's letter to Greenpeace India concedes that research into engineered cabbage, cauliflower, eggplant, tomato and mustard seed has all been halted.
Bayer's withdrawal from GE research around the world is part of a larger pattern of retreat in the global biotechnology industry. For example, in a high profile turn-around, Monsanto globally abandoned genetically engineered wheat research earlier this year. The company also shelved its Australian work on genetically engineered canola one month prior to a similar decision by Bayer.
"It is clear that popular resistance to genetic engineering is not diminishing as the industry had hoped it would," said Doreen Stabinsky, GE campaigner for Greenpeace International. "No matter what country we're talking about, consumers are on the same page. They don't want to eat genetically engineered food. That's good news for farmers and good news for the environment."
Said it planned to inspect the factories of its 500 major foreign suppliers in 1996 to see if they were complying with its working conditions code of conduct (Business Ethics, Jan-Feb. 1996, p. 14).
FMC Gold planned a cyanide heap leach gold mine at Beartrack in Idaho with Burlington Resources' Meridian Gold, with which it merged. FMC plans to make $300 million from the mine; U.S. Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown helped FMC; W. Alton Jones, which holds $1 million in FMC stock, also funds Pacific Rivers Council; in January 1995, Pacific Rivers Council and The Wilderness Society asked a federal judge to remove the injunction he'd given them (Wild Forest Review, Oct-Nov. 1995, p. 10; High Country News, Aug. 21, 1995, p. 4).
Food company. In the 1980s, the takeover firm KKR acquired Beatrice for $6 billion; see Kohlberg Kravis Roberts.
In 1982, a lawsuit was filed against W.R. Grace and Beatrice on behalf of families in Woburn, Massachusettss, whose high incidence of childhood leukemia and other cancers was beleived to be caused by illegal dumping of the toxic chemcal trichloroethylene; a decade later the case was settled for $8 million (The Workbook, Winter 1995-1996, p. 165-166, citing the book A Civil Action, by New England Monthly reporter Jonathan Harr, published by: Random House in 1995).
50 Beale St., San Francisco, CA 94105
Box 467, Mentang Raya 8, Jakarta, Indonesia
Family-owned; one of the world's largest engineering and construction corporations. Began in 1890s building railroad grades. Supervised the Hoover Dam. Worked on the Oakland Bay bridge. Built 570 ships for World War II. Has power plants and pipelines worldwide. Built the Saudi city of Jubail. James Bay Hydro (began in 1972). Three Mile Island nuclear cleanup.Papua New Guinea mining 1981-1984. Coal mine in China 1984. New airport Hong Kong. English Channel Eurotunnel. Has worked on 15,000 projects in 135 countries; foreign projects accounted for a third of their 1990 sales total of $5.6 billion. Building chemical plant for Iraq before the Persian Gulf War; rebuilding Kuwait afterwards. Reaganites George Shultz and Caspar Weinberger have been Bechtel officers (Hoover's Handbook of American Business 1992). For extensive history and background, see Friends in High Places: the Bechtel Story - the Most Secret Corporation and How It Engineered the World, by Laton McCartney (Simon & Schuster, 1988).
Logging contractor, according to Owen's World Trade: Africa & Asia Business Directory (1985); a Bechtel spin-off, the Freemont Group, has a majority interest in Crown Pacific, which has timberland and mills in Washington, Idaho, and Montana (Spokesman-Review, Apr. 10, 1994, p. E1, E3).
In 1976, Kennecott sold Peabody Coal to a consortium which included Bechtel, Equitable Life Assurance, Fluor, Newmont Mining, and Williams Company; Hanson bought Peabody in 1990. See Peabody entry.
BENDIX see Asarco
Gold and copper mining in the Philippines (Engineering & Mining Journal, Mar. 1992, p. 136-143).
Excerpt from High Stakes: The Need to Control Transnational Logging Companies: A Malaysian Case Study by the World Rainforest Movement & Forests Monitor Ltd, August 1998:
"The Berjaya Group is a large, diversified conglomerate, including seven public and about 200 private companies, involved in gambling, textiles, tourism, hotels, financial services, industrial products, real estate and consumer marketing (Berjaya Group Berhad Annual Report to Stock Shareholders, Kuala Lumpur, 1994, in Sizer N and Rice R, 1995, Backs to the Wall in Suriname: Forest Policy in a Country in Crisis, p.11). It is based in Kuala Lumpur, and is controlled by Vincent Tan Chee Yioun. The company has gained a reputation at home for planning to build tourist resorts in ecologically sensitive environments, which have prompted environmental and public interest groups to launch two campaigns since 1990 against projects on Penang Hill (the project was cancelled) and on Redang Island (the project was reduced in size after ecological damage occurred) (Friends of the Earth Malaysia, 1992, Friends of Penang Hill, Save Penang Hill campaign documents, cited in Sizer N and Rice R, 1995, op. cit). Tan Sri Vincent Tan (left) has access to a number of significant political figures through some of his many companies. He took over the failed Tropical Veneer Company Bhd, which was in receivership at the time, and renamed the company Intiplus Bhd, bringing it under Berjaya's control. Datuk Haji Mohd Fatmi bin Haji Che Salleh was appointed as deputy chairman of Intiplus in March 1995, after the take-over. Salleh was a member of the Central Committee (EXCO) of UMNO Youth Malaysia (Cheong S, 1995, Changes in Ownership of KLSE companies, p87) as well as having held various other official positions. Ramli bin Zahari, appointed as a director of Intiplus in 1995, was at the time head of UMNO Kuala Kangsar division(Cheong S, 1995, op. cit., p.89). Danny Tan Chee Sing, Berjaya managing director, is one of the small group of new Chinese capitalists who are closely associated with leading Malay politicians (Gomez, 1994, Political Business, Corporate Involvement of Malaysian Political Parties, p.39) and Jaffar Bin Abdul, appointed as a director in August 1997 (KLSE web site, 26/07/98, Berjaya Group Bhd) is the former Inspector General of Police. In November 1994, Berjaya Textiles Bhd was taken over by Rimbunan Hijau. The Group attempted to move into logging in several countries in 1994. In May of that year, Berjaya's wholly owned subsidiary, Berjaya Group (Cayman) Ltd, acquired a timber company in Solomon Islands, Star Harbour Timber Company Ltd. In September 1994, Berjaya Group Bhd bought 60% stake of the Canadian timber company Taiga Forest Products Ltd and aimed at expanding Taiga's operations into the US. Taiga's main activity is as distributor of building products like lumber, roofing, moulding and insulation; the deal valued the company at about C$50 million (Business Times Malaysia, 05/09/94). [Taiga claims to be Canada's largest independent distributor of building products; it is listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol TFP. Dynamic Forest Products Ltd is a Taiga subsidiary; Patrick Hamill, President, Taiga Forest Products Ltd. telephone (604) 438-1471 (company press release, May 29, 2000)]. Also in 1994, the group started negotiations in Guyana and Suriname for access to vast timber concessions. Solomon Islands Berjaya Group Cayman bought Star Harbour Timber Company Ltd for US$1 million cash, giving Berjaya access to 45,000 ha concession at the price of only US$ 22.22 (RM 58.43) per ha, inclusive of the sawmill, compared to an average of US$1,000 (RM2,500) per ha in Malaysia (without sawmill) (The Star - Malaysia, 17/05/94). Just a few months after the deal, the Managing Director of Berjaya Group (Cayman), Mr Tony Yeong resigned over allegations of an attempt to bribe the country's Commerce, Employment and Trade Minister, Mr Joses Tuhanuku. The Minister alleged that Mr Yeong attempted to bribe him with RM8,000 (US$3,200). The Minister refused the money and immediately informed Prime Minister Billy Hilly. Mr Yeong was asked to leave the country and resigned from the company. Mr Tuhanuku also said that Yeong insisted it was an accepted practice in the South Pacific, and indeed around the world, for a large company such as Berjaya to show its appreciation to those in government who assisted the company. Berjaya Group protested against the allegations (New Straits Times and Business Times (Malaysia), 21/07/94). Berjaya had proposed to invest US$60 million (RM157.8 million) in the country, in exchange for which the provincial governments of Guadalcanal and Makira agreed to grant an aggregate minimum of 600,000 ha of forest concession. The US$60 million investment was to be for building an integrated timber processing complex in the Solomon Islands (Business Times - Malaysia, 21/07/94). It was later reported in Hong Kong that the company failed to raise the capital needed for the deal (South China Morning Post (Hong Kong), 17/2/95) and eventually withdrew from the Solomon Islands altogether, following disputes with local landholders. One landowner described their withdrawal in the Solomon's press, "Thank God Berjaya pulls out... this news brings relief to our souls" (Solomon Star, 8/11/95). Guyana The Berjaya Group has sought to invest in Guyana since 1994. The company requested a 700,000 ha concession in the New River-Upper Berbice area with a proposed investment of US$112 million. The company also sought exemption from withholding tax on dividends paid to non-resident shareholders and on interest payments paid to offshore lenders, exemption from export duties on all processed wood products, exemption from import duties on all materials used by the company, a fixed ceiling on corporate tax rates, fixed royalty rates for the entire life of the contract, deductibility of all interest payments, an accelerated depreciation allowance, unlimited use of foreign labour when needed, and investment protection guarantees (Sizer N, Profit Without Plunder:Reaping Revenue from Guyana's Forests Without Destroying Them, World Resources Institute, 1996, p.45). No contract could be signed because the forest area in question was outside the State Forests and because the government-due to national and international pressure against the sell-off of the Guyanese forests-put a freeze on handing out of new logging concessions from October 1995. The moratorium is still in place. However, in 1997, despite the fact that the Guyana Forestry Commission was still weak, the State Forests were extended by 4.6 million ha in the Southern part of the country and large tracts of forests were selected to be leased out as Exploratory Leases. Berjaya signed a memorandum of understanding with the Guyanese government for an exploratory lease in April 1997 for access to 760,000 ha of allegedly pristine virgin forest (Sizer N, 1996, op.cit., p.45) which are also claimed by the Macusi and Wapisiana indigenous peoples. Significantly, Berjaya has been operating through another Malaysian company, Tenaga Khemas Sdn Bhd, which owns 87,850 ha concession in the Berbice River area. Tenaga Khemas also controls two other companies, UNAMCO and Case Timbers, and Mr Villupillai Kanagalingam (Tenaga Khemas' representative) confirmed that he is associated to Berjaya (Sizer N, 1996, op.cit., p 44). Berjaya therefore may hold, either in its own name or through its interests in Tenaga Khemas, Case Timber and UNAMCO somewhere around 1.5 million ha of forestry concessions in Guyana. Suriname As soon as Vincent Tan put his feet in Suriname in 1994, he made Mr Surinder Mungra, the brother of Suriname's Minister of Foreign Affairs, the director of his Suriname company. Immediately afterwards, Berjaya applied for a huge concession of 1.1 million ha which was prevented from being awarded only due to massive national and international outcry. A considerable part of the area requested by Berjaya is inhabited by Amerindian and Maroon peoples, who felt severely threatened by the concession. This sparked great opposition by indigenous peoples, environmental and human rights organisations. In February 1997, after the government announced that the 1 million ha deal was probably going to be cancelled, Berjaya requested a different logging concession of 150,000 ha. It now appears that Berjaya has been awarded three exploratory permits, whereby the company can conduct an inventory of forest resources and produce a management plan but is not allowed to log, totalling 300,000 ha. According to a newspaper report, Berjaya was already busily chopping down trees in 1996, despite not officially owning concessions. This was made possible through Berjaya's director Surinder Mungra, who arranged for Berjaya's equipment to be employed on concessions that had been worked for dozens of years by small-scale Surinamese companies. When journalists visited a couple of these concessions, armed men overseeing the logging operations said that they were there to protect Berjaya's property. The names of Mungra and Berjaya were repeatedly heard despite the fact that the concession belonged to someone else on paper and that under Surinamese law it is forbidden to transfer timber cutting permits to third parties, with the risk of a punishment of immediate withdrawal of the concession (De West, 13/06/96, Our Forest is Being Wasted)" (end excerpt from High Stakes: The Need to Control Transnational Logging Companies: A Malaysian Case Study by the World Rainforest Movement & Forests Monitor Ltd, August 1998, http://www.fern.org/fmonitor/reports/highstakes/cover.htm)).
"Berjaya Group Berhad's ownership structure and some of its past practices are well-documented. It is a large, diversified Malaysian conglomerate controlled by the Malaysian businessman Vincent Tan Chee Yioun. Holdings include seven public and about 200 private companies involved in gambling, textiles, tourism, hotels and property development. Total group assets, according to the conglomerate's 1994 Annual Report, were around US$2.2 billion. Timber and the related processing industries are relatively new interests for Berjaya (Sizer & Rice, 1995. p.11). Like the Samling Group the Berjaya Group also has close connections with the Mahathir family businness, the Malaysia's Prime Minister (G. Aditjondro). The group became active in the timber business in 1994. In May of that year, Berjaya's wholly owned subsidiary, Berjaya Group Cayman Ltd acquired a timber company and obtained a forest concession of 600,000 hectares in Solomon Islands. In September 1994, Berjaya Group Bhd. bought 60% stake of the Canadian timber company Taiga Forest Products Ltd. and aimed at expanding Taiga's operations into the U.S. In Novermber 1994, the Securities Commission approved a deal between Berjaya Textile and Rimbunan Hijau through which Berjaya Textile became one of the largest timber companies on the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange and Rimbunan Hijau got access to the stock market and the new timber concessions that Berjaya was accumulating in several countries. Mr. Tan himself has been quoted as saying 'we are not a logging company' (Solomons Star, 1994), indicating that the group do not have an established record in forestry management and calling into question the group's ability to manage timber concessions in countries such as Suriname and Guyana. Note that this company's forays into the timber sector in the Solomon Islands did not perform well and the promised investment of MR100 million (aprox. US$ 40million) in downstream activities did not materialize due to a lack of interest from underwriters (SCMP, 1995). Some recent incidents cast a shadow over Berjaya's corporate responsibility. In July of 1994, Tony C.T. Yeong, the managing director of Berjaya Group Limited in the Solomon Islands, was expelled from the country for allegedly attempting to bribe the Solomon's Minister of Commerce, Employment and Trade (Solomons Star, 1994a). The Berjaya Group has also been accused by Malaysian environmentalists of destroying coral reefs off Rendang Island, Malaysia, to develop coastal property. In another case, the Berjaya Group withdrew from a plan to develop a forested area in Malaysia following protests from environmentalists (Sizer & Rice, 1995)." (Greenpeace, Dec 1, 1998, An Overview of Asian Companies: Malaysia).
In the mid-1990s Berjaya sought timber rights in Suriname; it was estimated that Beraja would profit $20 million per year while Suriname would receive $9 million per year (World Rainforest Report, July-Sept 1996, 12(3): 3).
One of the five corporations used as case studies in Global Dreams: Imperial Corporations and the New World Order, by Richard J. Barnet and John Cavanagh (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994).
BESWICK see Broken Hill
701 East Third St., Bethlehem PA 18016-7699
Bought the El Tofo iron mines in Chile in 1912, and had Cuban iron ore. Seventeen percent of its 1990 sales of $4.9 billion were from foreign sales; a joint venture with British Steel was planned for 1991 (Hoover's American 1992, p. 144).
BHARAT HEAVY INDUSTRIES (BHEL)
Established in 1956. Top manufacturer of power equipment. Collaborates with GE, Siemens, and ABB (Multinational Business, Winter 1988, p. 47-48).
BHP see Broken Hill
BHP PETROLEUM see Broken Hill
BILDSOE AND CO. division of Products Corp.of America
Board of Trade Bldg., Suite 555, 310 SW 4th Ave., Portland, OR 97204
Lumber, veneer, plywood, specialty importers (Crow's 1988-89).
BILLITON associated with Shell
Bauxite projects with Alcoa and sister company Shell near the Trombetas River and on Sao Luis island in Brazil (The Ecologist 19(6):219-224 (1989).
Tin smelter in Thailand with Union Carbide (Who Owns the Earth, By James Ridgway, 1980, p. 110).
Box 7614, Menlo Park, CA 94026
Principal dealer in South American and Asian wood (Crow's 1988-1989).
BINTANG PLYWOOD Sdn. Bhd.
One of the top ten exporters of plywood from Malaysia in 1991 (Asian Timber, April 1992, p.8).
BINTUNI UTAMA MUMI (P. T. Bintuni)
The Indonesian partner of Marubeni in a mangrove chipping operation in Irian Jaya, Indonesia (SKEPHI, 1990, Selling Our Common Heritage, p. 26,33).
British firm planning to search a biological reserve in Guyana for new pharmaceuticals. Brazilian logging companies have received concessions in the area (Marcus Colchester, "Sacking Guyana" in Multinational Monitor, Sept. 1991, p. 8-14).
BITTERROOT RESOURCES LTD.
Option on the Copper Giant deposit owned by LAC Minerals Ltd., north of Lillooet in south-central British Columbia, Canada (Mining Magazine, Mar. 1992, p. 179).
The following corporations are shown as having interests within the 1868 Fort Laramie Treaty boundary in the Black Hills area of southeast Montana, northeast Wyoming, southwest North Dakota, and northwest South Dakota, much of which encompasses the Fort Union coal deposit and known uranium deposits: Amax, American Nuclear, Ashland Oil, Burwest, Burlington Northern, Chevron, Commonwealth Edison, Conoco, Cyprus, Decker, Exxon, Energy Resources, Federal American, Fremont Oil, Getty Oil, General Electric, Gulf Oil, Mining, Johns Manville, Mobil, Nuclear Dynamics, Peabody Coal, Phelps Dodge, Phillips Petroleum, Pioneer Nuclear, Powerco, Pacific Power, Rio Alcom, Shell Oil, Sun Oil, Tenneco, Tennessee Valley Authority, Union Carbide, United Nuclear, United Pacific, West, Westinghouse, Westmoreland. Affected reservations include the Crow, Northern Cheyenne, Ft. Berthold, Standing Rock, Cheyenne River, Lower Brule, Rosebud, and Pine Ridge reservations. For more information, see "The Black Hills 'National Sacrifice area': a study in U.S. internal colonialism," prepared by the Black Hills Alliance for Amelia Irvin; Minority Notes, vol. 1, nos. 3-4 (University of Colorado, Boulder, 1980), cited in Agents of Repression, by Ward Churchill and Jim Vander Wall.
BLACK THUNDER COAL MINE see Thunder Basin Coal Co.
The U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs' biggest contractor, with $31.7 million in Buy Indian Act and Indian Self Determination & Assistance Act road and housing construction contracts in 1992. A 1989 U.S. Senate investigation found that Blaze's owner, William Aubrey of the Blackfoot tribe, had secretly agreed to pay non-Indian businessman Albert DeAtley 50 percent of Blaze's profits, fueling charges that Blaze is merely a front company for DeAtley (Earth Island Journal, Spring 1993, p. 4)..
BOEING click here for detailed profile
BOISE CASCADE click here for a detailed profile
BOLIDEN INTERNATIONAL MINING
Box 81550, Hammarbyvaegen 37
S-10482 Stockholm, Sweden
Gold, chemicals, detergents, hardware, plumbing and heating equipment; in 1987, sales were from mining (39 percent), chemicals (14), building products (22), and contracting (17) (Worldscope database record).
Partner in the Santa Rosa open pit heap leach gold project in Panama with Greenstone (Mining Magazine, Sept. 1991, p. 176).
BONNER & ASSOCIATES
Jack Bonner. Public relations firm specializing in organizing fake "grassroots" campaigns; has worked for the auto industry against Clean Air legislation and for pharmaceutical and tobacco companies (Joel Bleifuss's articles in In These Times, Sept. 6, Sept. 20, Oct. 4, 1993, excerpted in Utne Reader, Jan-Feb. 1994, p. 77-78; Bleifuss cites William Greider's Who Will Tell the People and John Stauber's PR Watch quarterly).
277 Park Ave., New York, NY 10172
Filipinas Bldg - 10th floor
Ayala Ave, Box 326
Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines
Hoover's Handbook of American Business 1992 (p. 150): In the 1920s, Borden bought nearly a hundred companies, and became one of the largest U.S. food companies; it then diversified into chemicals (Casein, Columbus Coated fabrics, and Smith-Douglass). Has 105 U.S. and 47 foreign plants. Had 1990 sales of $7.6 billion in grocery and specialty products (45 percent), snacks and international consumer products (24 percent), packaging and industrial products (21 percent), and dairy (10 percent). Borden's brand names include Creamette pasta, Cracker Jack, Wyler's bouillon, Cremora Creamer, Elmer's Glue, Viva, Jays, Meadow Gold, ReaLemon, Krazy Glue.
Borden International's Philippine office advertised chemicals in Asian Timber 1988.
Formaldehyde plant being built at the Prai Industrial Estate at Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia in anticipation of increased plywood manufacturing (Oil & Gas Journal, Oct. 16, 1989, p. 70; Asian Timber, Sept. 1989, p. 8).
BORTIM Sdn Bhd
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
One of the top ten exporters of sawtimber from Malaysia in 1991 (Asian Timber, April 1992, p. 8).
BOUGAINVILLE MINE see RTZ
BOWATER click here for a detailed profile
BP AMOCO (ARCO)
Britannic House, 1 Finsbury Circus, London EC2M 7BA Englend
BP America, 200 Public Square, Cleveland, OH 44114
History: BP's predecessors include Burmah Oil and Anglo-Persian Oil. Anglo had the first oil strike in the Middle East in 1908; the British government bought 51 percent in 1914, eventually selling its interest in 1987. Anglo's Iranian operations were seized in 1951, but returned by the Shah in 1953. Changed name to BP in 1954. Had North Sea oil strikes in 1970. Prudhoe Bay, Alaska oil discovered in 1969; BP traded its Alaska interests for 55 percent of SOHIO in 1970; as SOHIO it used Alaskan profits to buy Kennecott. In the 1980s BP bought Purina Mills and the rest of SOHIO. Kuwait owns 10 percent (down from 22 percent) of BP. BP had 1990 sales of $59 billion on oil and gas interests in 20 countries. BP also sells chemicals (see BP Chemicals) (Hoover's Handbook of World Business 1992, p. 164). Owns British Gas (Whole World Oil Directory 1991).
British Petroleum completed its $55 billion acquisition of Amoco on Dec. 31, 1998, creating Britain's biggest company and the third largest oil company in the world. The new company will be called BP Amoco Plc. The deal cleared its final hurdle Wednesday when the U.S. Federal Trade Commission approved the deal on condition that the merged companies sell 134 gasoline stations and nine terminals storing oil products (Reuters, Jan. 1, 1999).
In April 2000, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission "unanimously approved BP Amoco PLC's $27.6 billion purchase of Atlantic Richfield Co. after the company agreed to sell Arco's Alaskan large oil holdings. The merger, approved by the commission in a 5-0 vote, will create one of the world' largest oil companies. The company said it would move swiftly to conclude the acquisition. The approval requires BP Amoco to sell all of Arco's oil holdings in Alaska within 30 days to resolve anticompetitive problems. The FTC had opposed the merger because of concern that the combination, without such divestitures, would dominate the West Coast oil market. BP Amoco already has agreed tentatively to sell the holdings to Phillips Petroleum Co... The merger creates the second largest nongovernment oil company in world behind Exxon Mobil Corp., a merger that received FTC approval last November." (Associated Press, April 13, 2000).
The Porgera gold mine in the southern highlands of Papua New Guinea was to begin production in 1991 (Oil & Gas Journal, May 29, 1989). Drilling for natural gas (with Oil Search Ltd.) to provide power for the mine (Oil & Gas Journal, Oct. 30, 1989, p. 3). Kutubu, a billion-dollar oil export project, has received government approval to begin construction.
Oil operations in Brazil, Colombia, and Ecuador (The Ecologist 19(6):219-224 (1989).
Runs the "Hides" oil field in Papua New Guinea (Oil & Gas Journal, Aug. 28, 1989. p. 28).
BP is involved in mining in Brazil; with Brascan it owns some 200 separate companies with thousands of mining claims. A cassiterite mine in Jamari National Forest, Rondonia, Brazil, was sold to Rio Tinto Zinc (The Ecologist 19(6):219-224 (1989); and London Sunday Times, April and July 19, 1989).
Citizen Fund's analysis of the US EPA's 1989 Toxic Release Inventory listed BP as the fifth largest polluter in the United States, partly because of its Port Lavaca, Texas facility.
Gulf of Mexico: BP has a one-third interest in the Mars field, discovered by Shell in the Gulf of Mexico; it contains perhaps a billion barrels, one of the largest finds in the U.S. in 20 years. Oil production could begin within five years (Energy World, June 1991, p. 3).
See also Kaltim Prima.
Malaysia: Along with Idemitsu, BP Chemicals has an agreement with Petronas (the national oil company of Malaysia) to build an ethylene plant and a polyethylene plant in the northeastern coastal state of Terengganu (Chemical and Engineering News, Mar. 12, 1990, p. 15).
Vietnam: BP signed a production-sharing agreement with PetroVietnam in 1990 (Multinational Business, No. 2, 1992, p. 22).
China: BP and Shanghai Petrochecmicals announced a $2.5 billion joint venture to build an ethylene plant in Shanghai (New York Times, Oct. 22, 1996, p. C10).
Angola: "When Amoco started drilling for oil in Angola a few years ago, Exxon and Chevron had already landed some of the richest oil fields and could easily outbid their smaller rival for others. Lately, though, Amoco has been the successful bidder on several oil tracts. Why? The company, which is now BP Amoco, realized that the Angolan government, torn by civil war, was ready to favor any company that was also willing to assist with social projects. So in 1997 Amoco offered to spend $800,000 to help local fishermen revive an abandoned fishing port -- and asked the local office of the U.N. Development Program to manage the project. In the last two years, Amoco and the development program have helped repair or replace about a dozen boats, equipped them with a variety of gear, and recruited a local bank to set up a loan program for the fishermen. 'We didn't know anything about fishing, or managing social projects," said Finda Koroma, then Amoco's director for commercial development and now a consultant in Houston. 'Companies don't always understand what the U.N.'s development arms can do for them.'... 'If we can set up a nonexclusive arrangement with a company to co-finance a project, why not?' said Mark Malloch Brown, a former World Bank vice president who has run the development program since July. 'It's not like we're saying Microsoft gets Botswana, Corel gets Ghana; we're stimulating competition.'" (Claudia H. Deutsch, Unlikely Allies Join With the United Nations, New York Times, Dec. 10, 1999).
Arctic Ocean: "A group of Greenpeace activists has been camped out near BP Amoco's Northstar development in the Arctic Ocean for more than a month to silently protest against a project they say could lead to a "disastrous" oil spill in the ocean. BP is dumping tons of gravel six miles out in the frozen Arctic to create an island drilling platform that will include two 17-mile steel pipelines. For six of those miles the pipelines will be buried under the ocean floor. BP says the project will safely produce nearly 200 million barrels of oil. But environmentalists contend the subsea pipeline is risky because shallow coastal waters can freeze all the way to the bottom, eventually causing a pipeline rupture. BP says burying the pipe six to nine feet deep will prevent any problems (T.A. Badger, AP/Seattle Post-Intelligencer/others, March 26)." (Greenwire, March 27, 2000)
More info on BP Amoco:
MacKerron, Conrad B. Business in the Rainforests: Corporations, Deforestation and Sustainability. Washington D.C.: Investor Responsibility Research Center, 1993).
BRASCADE RESOURCES see Brascan
4800 Commerce Court West, Toronto Ontario Canada M5L 1B7
telephone 416 363 9491
Like Edper, Brascan is a holding company controlled by the Bronfman family of Montreal. Noranda is part of Brascan; so is Brascade Resources. See also Bronfman entry.
Involved in mining in Brazil; with British Petroleum, it owns some 200 separate companies with thousands of mining claims. A cassiterite mine in Jamari National Forest, Rondonia, Brazil, was sold to Rio Tinto Zinc (The Ecologist 19(6):219-224 (1989) and the London Sunday Times, Apr. and July 19, 1989).
BRASOIL see Petrobras
BRAZIER FOREST INDUSTRIES
10828 Gravelly Lake Dr. SW, Suite 211, Tacoma, WA 98499
Wholesale lumber yards and operations on Maui and Oahu, Hawaii. Joint relationship with Double Phoenix Corporation (Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce, Mar. 13, 1990).
El Mochito zinc mine in Honduras (Wall Street Journal, Sept. 2, 1992, p. A4(W), P, C12(E).
Owned by American Cyanamid and Freeport McMoRan (WOTE).
BRITFOREST see LTS International
BRITISH GAS LTD
Rivermill House, 152 Grosvenor Road, London England SW1V 3JL
telephone 01-821-1444 fax: 01-723-7030
Subsidiary of BP.
Has a three-year (1989-1992) contract for exploration onshore and offshore southwest Sumatra, Indonesia (Oil & Gas Journal, July 31, 1989, p. 48).
Drilling in southern Oriente area of Ecuador. Pastaza, Ecuador exploratory drilling may depend on a World Bank loan to Petroecuador (Earth Island Journal, Winter 1991, P. 11).
Involved in design, construction, and operation of a gas-fired cogeneration plant to supply electricity, steam, and water to the Thai Oelfins Company at Map Ta Phut, 200 km SE of Bangkok, Thailand (Energy World, Oct. 1991, p. 4).
BRITISH NUCLEAR FUELS LIMITED
"Germany Suspends MOX Contracts With U.K. Firm Germany announced yesterday it will join Japan in banning shipments of mixed oxide fuel (MOX) from British Nuclear Fuels Limited. Japan banned imports of MOX fuel from the United Kingdom in December after it discovered that some test data were falsified on the size of fuel pellets on a shipment sent to Kansai Electric Power. And BNFL admitted last month that its employees bypassed quality control checks on MOX at its plant in Sellafield, England. BNFL has plans for a new $630 million plant to manufacture MOX, but the plant has not received U.K. government permission for commercial operation. Germany and Japan had been expected to account for about half of the orders of BNFL's new plant (Taylor/Atkins, Financial Times, March 9). Germany's decision to suspend all contracts to buy reprocessed fuel from BNFL also puts in doubt the future of the $2.8 billion Thorp reprocessing plant, which has as its only purpose the production of plutonium for fuel" (Brown/Hooper, London Guardian, March 9). (Greenwire, March 9, 2000).
"To deal with the Energy Department's technical and environmental problems at nuclear weapons facilities across the country, the agency has solicited help from the U.K. government-owned British Nuclear Fuels Limited. But "concern over the company's business practices is now affecting its contracts with the United States," the New York Times reports. BNFL holds cleanup contracts at several waste treatment sites across the country, including the Hanford Nuclear Reservation in Washington state, the Savannah River Site in Georgia and the Rocky Flats plant in Colorado. Problems at those plants and the recent discovery of falsified data on fuel pellets from its Sellafield facility in England are drawing concern from Energy Secretary Bill Richardson. Richardson: "We are now placing BNFL under extra scrutiny because of these problems. I have been uneasy about some of their operations in the U.S." ( Greenwire, March 22, 2000, citing Matthew L. Wald, March 22).
"More than 20 environmental and public interest groups plan to petition Energy Secretary Bill Richardson today, asking him to "suspend and debar" British Nuclear Fuels Ltd. and its subsidiaries from federal contracts. The petition comes a day after Richardson ordered a "top to bottom" review of BNFL's work for the DOE because of problems the state-owned nuclear waste reprocessing company is having in other countries. Earlier this month Germany joined Japan in banning shipments of mixed-oxide fuel from the company because of safety concerns (Nancy Dunne, Financial Times). The company holds nearly $9 billion in U.S. contracts "for some of the most technologically challenging environmental cleanup tasks in the nation," including work at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation in Washington state and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee. Tom Carpenter of the Government Accountability Project: "Here in the United States, they're going to be handling the most dangerous materials known to man. And the fact is, the problems they have in England come down to lack of integrity on the part of their operations" (Kim Murphy, Los Angeles Times). Dave Campbell, a spokesman for BNFL Inc., the company's U.S. subsidiary, said the petition was unfounded. Campbell: "They have no basis to make the petition in the first place. None of it is based on their claims about safety or other things" (Brandon Haddock, Augusta Chronicle). In a telephone interview from Algeria, where he is meeting OPEC ministers, Richardson said, "Business as usual is over with BNFL." Richardson: "I have been uneasy about some of their operations in the U.S. If we uncover anything, I will take swift and strong action" (Seattle Post-Intelligencer). (Greenwire, March 23, 2000).
BRITISH PETROLEUM (BP) see BP Amoco
BROKEN HILL PROPRIETARY CO. LTD. (BHP)
48th Floor BHP Tower-Bourke Place, 600 Bourke Street
140 William St., Melbourne, Victoria 3000, Australia
550 California St., San Francisco CA
BHP Petroleum, 5847 San Felipe St., Suite 3600, Houston, TX 77057
Australia's largest public company. Nearly half its 1990 sales of $10 billion came from steel; the rest is from petroleum and mining. Began in the 1880s; Australian steel monopoly by the 1930s; World War II munitions; Bass Strait offshore oil drilling with Esso (Exxon) in the 1960s; 1980s acquisitions expanded to the U.S., South Africa, Canada, Chile, and Brazil. Beswick Proprietary was created in 1988 to hold BHP stock (Hoover's Handbook of World Business 1992, p. 166). Pacific Resources, a Honolulu-based oil, gas, and coal company, was acquired by Broken Hill in 1989 (Worldscope database record; Forbes, July 20, 1992, p. 294).
BHP's 1992 sales and assets in $ billions:
Source: Worldscope record.
Beswick owns 20 percent of BHP; Australian Mutual Provident Society owns 6 percent. BHP has interests in Supracote, Boral Steel, New Zealand Steel, Aquila Steel, Monsanto Oil, Utah International. BHP plans to increase its holding in the OK Tedi Copper Mine (Australian Financial Review, Dec. 14, 1992). BHP "has joined the race for Russian diamonds," but has met "opposition" (Australian Financial Review, Nov. 17 and Nov. 25, 1992). BHP is now the largest shareholder in Fosters Brewing Group (Wall Street Journal, Sept. 16, 1992). Broken Hill Property plans Albania Bangladesh oil studies (Dow Jones, Jan. 13, 1992). Broken Hill and Texaco Inc have signed a contract with China National offshore oil; intending to search for oil beneath China's Bo Hai Bay (Wall Street Journal, Jan. 16, 1991; Dow Jones, Nov. 26, 1991; Australian Financial Review, Nov. 27, 1991). In 1991, BHP completed a merger between itself & Hamilton Oil of the U.S. (New York Times, Mar. 14, 1991; Dow Jones, July 3, 1991; Financial Times, July 4, 1991; Wall Street Journal, July 5, 1991). BHP venture buys BRC Weldmesh of Singapore (Dow Jones, July 1, 1991). BHP has a Chile copper mine (Dow Jones, June 20, 1991). Aborgines win ban on a BHP mine in Australia (Wall Street Journal, June 19, 1991). BHP considers setting up methanol plant in Victoria (Dow Jones, Apr. 9. 1991). BHP and CRA announced that they will merge together (Australian Financial Review, Mar. 6, 1992) (all from Worldscope record 1992).
North Broken Hill Peko Limited, 476 St. Kilda Road, 6th Floor, Melbourne Victoria 3004, Australia
telephone (03) 829-0000
In 1988, North Broken Hill Holdings Ltd. changed its name to North Broken Hill Peko. Forest products (55 percent of its 1992 revenues of $1.5 billion); uranium, radium, and vanadium (11 percent); and iron and other mining (33 percent) in Australia, Europe, and North America. Has interests in Hero Equipamentos Industriais Ltda., Tomasetti Paper, Peko Wallsend Group, Energy Resources of Australia. North Broken Hill is itself owned by Pendal Nominees Pty Ltd. (8 percent), Australian Mutual Provident Society (8 percent), ANZ Nominees Ltd. (6 percent), and CRA Nominees (5 percent). North Broken Hill Peko and CRA are to reduce their holding in Pasminco (Financial Times, July 7, 1992) (all from the Worldscope record 1992).
BHP Minerals is exploring for coal in the Maliau Basin in Sabah, Malaysia (Mining Magazine, July 1991, p. 41).
City Resources Ltd. is negotiating with BHP Gold Mines Ltd. for joint venture for the Metelen, Wala, Kulu, and Daluava prospects in central new Britain, Papua New Guinea (Minerals Industry International, Jan. 1989, p. 3).
BHP Petroleum is surveying for oil in Guyana (Oil & Gas Journal, July 3, 1989, p. 32).
BHP began oil exploration in Burma in 1989, but later pulled out (Dara O'Rourke, "Oil in Burma: Fueling Oppression," Multinational Monitor, Oct. 1992; Burma Issues, Nov. 1993, p. 6).
BHP has operational control over Ok Tedi mine in Papua New Guinea; BHP's performance there earned it a place as one of 1995's 10 worst corporations; see entry for Ok Tedi.
See also Arutmin Indonesia.
Montreal and Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Through their holding companies like Brascan and Edper, the Bronfmans have owned or controled Noranda (which in turn controlled Macmillan Bloedel from 1981 to 1993), Labatts brewery (also sold in 1993), Seagrams distillery (V.O., Chivas Regal, Myers Rum, Tropicana fruit juices), Israeli supermarkets, and Texas gas fields. When Du Pont acquired Seagrams' interest in Conoco in 1980, the Bronfmans acquired a major interest in Du Pont (Hoover's Handbook of World Business 1992, p. 282); the Bronfman share of Du Pont reached 24 percent in 1990 (Everybody's, 1990, p. 333).
In February 1993, Macmillan Bloedel and Labatts were sold for nearly $2 billion (New York Times, Feb. 13, 1993, p. 13); the British Columbian government bought much of the stock of Macmillan Bloedel.
Cavanaugh, John and Frederick Clairmonte. 1985. Alcoholic Beverages: Dimensions of Corporate Power. New York: St. Martin's Press.
Clairmonte, Frederick and John Cavanaugh. 1988. Merchants of Drink: Transnational Control of World Beverages. Penang, Malaysia: Third World Network.
Jacobson, Michael, Robert Atkins, and George Hacker. 1983. The Booze Merchants. Washington, D.C.: Center for Science in the Public Interest.
Newman, Peter C. 1978. Bronfman Dynasty: the Rothschilds of the New World. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.
Newman, Peter C. 1979. King of the Castle: The Making of a Dynasty: Seagram's and the Bronfman Empire. New York: Atheneum.
BROWN & ROOT see Halliburton
The Council on Economic Priorities produced an environmental report on Brown-Forman in 1991-92 ($20 from CEP, 30 Irving Place, New York NY 10003, 1-800-729-4237).
757 N. Eldridge, Houston TX 77253
telephone 713-870-8100 fax 713-870-7844
Founded in 1967 as American Refuse Systems in Houston; in 1969 bought Browning-Ferris Machinery; acquired 157 waste disposal companies by 1973, and acquired 508 companies from 1981 to 1988. By 1980 BFI had become the second largest U.S. waste dealer (after Waste Management, WMX), and the largest medical waste operation. In 1992, operated in 470 locations in North America, Puerto Rico, Australia, Hong Kong, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain, Britain, and Venezuela (More than 80 percent of BFI's 1991 sales were in the U.S. and Puerto Rico). Solid waste collection, transfer and disposal was 80 percent of BFI's 1991 revenues of $3.2 billion (1991 profits $65 million, down from 1990 profits of $257 million). BFI has more than 600 local operating companies; subsidiaries and affiliates include American Ref-Fuel (waste to energy power plants joint venture with Air Products & Chemicals), BFI Services Group, and Swire BFI Waste Services (joint venture with Swire Pacific). BFI acquired hazardous waste disposer CECOS International in 1983. BFI spun off its waste paper subsidiary Consolidated Fibres in 1976 (Hoover's Handbook of American Business 1993, p. 170).
1995 revenues $5.8 billion
1995 profits $385 million
Source: Business Week 1000, July 8, 1996, p. 74.
BFI's business practices and environmental record:
BFI paid $1.35 million in fines for price-fixing in 1987, brought in former U.S. EPA administrator as BFI's CEO in 1988, but paid $2.5 million in 1988 and $1.55 million in 1990 for hazardous waste violations in Louisiana. Another three-year lawsuit for price-fixing was also settled. BFI stopped haz waste operations in 1990 after the U.S. EPA denied permits to start two haz waste operations. U.S. EPA regulations for landfill closure is expected to cost BFI hundreds of millions of dollars. In 1991, BFI fired its chief financial officer and its attorney when they sold stock just before low earnings were announced (Hoover's Handbook of American Business 1993, p. 170).
Browning-Ferris is a member of the National Wildlife Federation's Corporate Conservation Council.
Sources for corporate profiles and further information:
Citizen's Clearinghouse for Hazardous Waste
PO Box 6806, Falls Church VA 22040
Council on Economic Priorities
30 Irving Place, New York NY 10003
BRUSH CREEK MINING & DEVELOPMENT
Operating in Russia (Wall Street Journal, Apr. 6, 1993, p. A1, A5).
Marsh, David. The Most Powerful Bank: Inside Germany's Bundesbank. New York: Times Books, 1992.
See WOTE and Merchants of Grain, by Dan Morgan.
BUNKER HILL MINES
Kellogg, Pinehurst, and Smelterville, Idaho
Responsible for a 21-square-mile Superfund hazardous waste site; lead and zinc contamination cleanup and the rehabilitation of hills and wetlands could cost over $100 million for ASARCO, Coeur d'Alene Mining, Sunshine Mining, Gulf USA (Gulf Resources and Chemical), and Union Pacific Railroad (AP article in the Seattle Times, June 28, 1992). Click here for more information.
BURLINGTON NORTHERN RAILROAD click here for information on public land grant origins
Mexican and Russian operations; see Nakhodka entry.
Purchased ARCO's Ecuadorian oil concessions.
Burmah Castrol Plc, Burmah Castrol House, Piper's Way, Swindon Wilts SN3 1RE, England
telephone (0793) 511521
Petroleum, chemicals, paints in Europe, the Americas, Asia-Pacific, Australia, and Africa (Worldscope database record).
Burmah Oil capital was used in the first Middle East oil strike (1908). Burmah Oil was part of Anglo-Persian, which was purchased by the British government in 1914, and which changed its name to British Petroleum in 1954.
Mitsui OSK Lines Ltd. owns half of Burmah Oil's LNG transport project that carries natural gas from Indonesia to Japan (OIl & Gas Journal, May 22, 1989).
230 Park Ave South, New York NY 10003
Offices in Washington DC, San Francisco, and Pittsburgh.
World's largest independent public relations firm, with 60 offices in 27 countries. Lobbying companies associated with Burson-Marsteller include the Advocacy Communications Team (headed by George Bush re-election advisor Jim McAvoy) and Black, Manafort, Stone & Kelly.
B-M's clients have included:
A.H. Robbins, during the Dalkon shield IUD controversy.
Argentinian military junta in the late 1970s.
Babcock & Wilcox (after the Three Mile Island nuclear accident).
Exxon, after the Valdez, Alaska oil spill.
Hydro-Quebec on its James Bay projects (pers. comm., Glen Cooper, Cree, E-LAW Conference, Mar. 6, 1993).
Mexico, to get approval of fast-track authority for the U.S.-Mexico Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA); see Earth Island Journal, v.7, n.1, 1992, p. 4.
Nigeria (during the Biafran war).
Romania (during the reign of Nicolae Ceausescu).
Tylenol, after the poison/tampering incidents.
Union Carbide, after the explosion at Bhopal.
Nelson, Joyce. "The Great Global Greenwash: Burson Marsteller vs. the Environment." Covert Action Quarterly, No. 44, Spring 1993. Reprinted (without the original footnotes) in Third World Resurgence, No. 37, 1993.
Parfitt, Ben. Vancouver, British Columbia Sun, July 8, 1991. Described Burson-Marsteller's work for the timber industry's B.C. Forest Alliance. For further information on the BC forest situation contact Forest Action Network email@example.com.
British Environment Agency: "Burson-Marsteller, the public relations agency used by the oil, GM, tobacco and chemical industries, is to represent the government's pollution watchdog, in a move that environmentalists yesterday described as "barmy". The Environment Agency said it chose the company on an initial one-year contract..." Row over 'barmy' PR deal, by John Vidal, The Guardian (UK), October 23, 2003
"Burson-Marsteller, British Petroleum, and other greenwashing corporations have long been pursuing a strategy of co-opting UK environmental activists, as Andy Rowell has reported in PR Watch. In 2002 Lord Peter Melchett, former head of Greenpeace UK, joined B-M." (PR Watch Weekly Spin, October 29, 2003).
BUSH BOAKE ALLEN
Montville NJ 07645-1853
Operations in Malaysia and Thailand (Who Owns Whom 1990: Australia & Far East).
See Union Camp.
B.Z. SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL
Involved in natural resources in Russia; may be front company for oil, mining, and logging bidding; may have office in San Francisco (anon. pers. comm., Nov. 1993).