Corporate profiles compiled by George Draffan

Public Information Network, PO Box 95316, Seattle WA 98145-2316 USA

www.endgame.org

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P & M CEDAR PRODUCTS

Logging operations in Altai, Russia. Contact Pacific Environment and Resources Center http://www.pacificenvironment.org

 

 

PACCAR

777 106th Ave NE, Bellevue WA 98004
PO Box 1518, Bellevue WA 98009

telephone 206-455-7400 fax 206-453-4900

PACCAR designs, manufactures, and markets commercial and industrial equipment, including (1) heavy-duty trucks and related parts under the Foden, Kenworth, Peterbilt names; (2) automotive parts sales and related services; (3) mining and logging vehicles; (4) oilfield equipment; (5) winches; and (6) finance and leasing services provided to customers and dealers (PACCAR Financial Corporation provided 18 percent of PACCAR's 1993 pre-tax profits). PACCAR, Daimler-Benz's Freightliner, and Navistar are the three largest U.S. truck manufacturers; PACCAR has about a quarter of the market. PACCAR subsidiaries and affiliates own and operate manufacturing plants in seven U.S. states, Canada, Australia, Mexico, and the United Kingdom. Parts warehouses, sales and service facilities and finance and administrative offices are also operated in these five countries (Sources: company annual reports).

PACCAR and Caterpillar received U.S. OPIC financing for the NOVOTRUCK joint venture with AMOZIL in Russia (Peoria Journal Star, Dec. 17, 1993).

PACCAR's Canadian Kenworth Trucks has a joint venture with T.A. Holdings in Zimbabwe; the Canadian International Development Agency partially funded the project (PACCAR 1993 Form 10-K).

 

 

PACIFIC GAS & ELECTRIC

The Council on Economic Priorities produced an environmental report on PG&E ($20 from CEP, 30 Irving Place, New York NY 10003, 1-800-729-4237).

 

 

 

PACIFIC HARDWOODS see Weyerhaeuser

 

 

PACIFIC OIL & GAS

PO Box 509, Box Hill, 3128 Victoria Australia

Oil and gas exploration and development subsidiary of CRA (Whole World Oil Directory 1991, p. 150).

 

 

PACIFIC RESOURCES

733 Bishop St, Honolulu HI 96813

telephone 808-547-3111

Hawaii-based energy company (owned by Broken Hill) (Forbes, July 20, 1992, p. 294).

 

 

PAE SINGAPORE

Involved in oil drilling in Burma. Myanmar Oil & Gas Enterprise (MOGE), the agency overseeing oil and gas development in Burma, is controlled by the military regime SLORC; since 1989, MOGE has signed multimillion dollar contracts with many foreign oil companies. A subsidiary of the Thai national oil company, PTT Exploration and Production, has proposed developing natural gas in Burma's Gulf of Mataban and shipping it to Thailand through an undersea pipeline. (See article by Dara O'Rourke, "Oil in Burma: Fueling Oppression," Multinational Monitor 13(10):7-11, Oct. 1992).

 

 

PAKTANK INTERNATIONAL

Rotterdam Netherlands

Storage of mineral oil and chemicals, with offices in Goteborg Sweden, Hamburg Germany, Houston Texas, Singapore, and Tunis Tunisia (Whole World Oil Directory 1991, p. 151).

 

 

PALABORA MINING CO. see RTZ

South Africa

 

 

PAN OCEAN SHIPPING CO.

South Korea

Kideco is a coal export contract owned by Samchok Consolidated Mining and Pan Ocean Shipping Co. (Mining Magazine, Mar. 1992, p. 149-150).

 

 

PAN PACIFIC, OVERSEAS DIVISION

2 Park Ave, New York, NY 10016

telephone 212-481-1800

Sells meranti, teak, sen, agathis, melapi, almaciga, kapur, lauan, mersawa, and ramin jambs, hardboard, and plywood (Crow's 1988-1989).

 

 

PAN RESOURCES Sdn Bhd

Pahang, Malaysia

One of the top ten exporters of sawtimber from Malaysia in 1991 (Asian Timber, April 1992, p. 8).

 

 

PAPER INDUSTRIES CORPORATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

see INTERNATIONAL PAPER

 

 

PAPER RESOURCES INTERNATIONAL

36 Rennison St, Mordialloc 3195, Victoria, Australia

Sarawak, Malaysia projects. See CSIRO Aust. Div. Chem. Technol. Rep. No. 798, 1980; and the Tropical Wood Pulp Symposium '88, Singapore (Benn Publishing, 1988, p. 84-95).

 

 

PARALLAX DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION

Coquitlam, British Columbia, Canada

telephone 604-936-3508

Parallax has 207,360 acres in diamond mining claims, part of a 25-million acre diamond staking rush in Alberta, Canada (FW: Financial World, Mar. 30, 1993, p. 109 advertisement for investors).

 

 

PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS see also Gulf & Western

Bought by Gulf & Western in 1966; G & W (which has owned Simon & Schuster, Prentice-Hall, Kayser-Roth, Schrafft candy, New Jersey Zinc, Quebec Iron & Titanium, South Puerto Rico Sugar, E.W. Bliss, Brown paper and building products, and Consolidated Cigar) changed its name to Paramount Communications in 1989 (Ridgeway, 1980, p. 69; and Hoover's Handbook of American Business 1993, p. 448).

 

 

PARANAPANEMA

Brazil

Paranapanema is a Brazil-based mining corporation. It was awarded a contract to build an all-weather road into the central Guyanese forest, from the southern border to the middle Essequibo at Kurupukari. The job is based on a concessional loan made in 1989 by the Brazilian external funding agency Cacex. Gold mining and logging are seen as future opportunities. Calls for environmental and social impact assessments by Survival International and the Guyana Human Rights Association were ignored. Traditional Makushi live in the area (Marcus Colchester, "Sacking Guyana" in Multinational Monitor, Sept. 1991, p. 8-14).

See also Balbina.

 

 

PARKER DRILLING

8 East 3rd St, Tulsa OK 74103

telephone 918-585-8221

Office in Mills, Wyoming.

Subcontractor involved in oil drilling in Burma. Myanmar Oil & Gas Enterprise (MOGE), the agency overseeing oil and gas development in Burma, is controlled by the military regime SLORC; since 1989, MOGE has signed multimillion dollar contracts with many foreign oil companies. A subsidiary of the Thai national oil company, PTT Exploration and Production, has proposed developing natural gas in Burma's Gulf of Mataban and shipping it to Thailand through an undersea pipeline. (See article by Dara O'Rourke, "Oil in Burma: Fueling Oppression," Multinational Monitor 13(10):7-11, Oct. 1992).

 

 

PARSONS & WHITTEMORE

England

4 International Drive, Rye Brook NY 10573
telephone 914-937-9009

Plans to build North America's largest pulp mill, at Apple Grove, West Virginia; of the estimated $1.1 billion construction cost, the state of West Virginia has pledged a $200 million contsruction loan, $60 million for improvements to roads and bridges, and tax incentives; the mill would use chlorine bleaching, burn toxic pulp sludge in an onsite incinerator, and dump wastewater into the Ohio River (Temperate Forest Action Alert, Mar. 1995).

Its Celulosas Arauco was nationalized by Chile in the 1970s (U.S. Congressional Research Service, The Overseas Private Investment Corporation: a Critical Analysis, 1973, p. 161).

 

 

PASAR see Philippine Associated Smelting and Refining Corporation

 

 

PAUL ALLEN click here

 

 

PEABODY COAL see Peabody Holding Co.

 

 

PEABODY ENERGY

701 Market St., St. Louis, MO 63101
Phone: 314-342-3400
Fax: 314-342-7799
http://www.peabodyenergy.com

claims to generate 9% of US and 2.5% of world electricity
controls 9.5 billion tons of coal
produces 180 million tons per year
operates 35 mines and processing facilities in 9 US states
sells coal to 280 power plants and industrial facilities in the US and to customers in 10 other countries

Peabody Coal Company was founded in Chicago in 1883. In 1955 Peabody merged with Sinclair Coal. Many corporations have had interests in Peabody over the years. In 1968, Peabody was acquired by Kennecott Copper, setting off eight years of antitrust litigation, which forced Kennecott to sell Peabody in 1976 to a consortium which included Bechtel, Equitable Life Assurance, Fluor, Newmont Mining, and Williams Company. The consortium morphed into Boeing-Bechtel-Eastern Enterprises (45 percent), and Newmont Mining (55 percent). In 1990, Newmont's majority owner, Hanson PLC, purchased the rest of Peabody from the consortium. By 1997, Peabody was owned by The Energy Group, a spinoff from Hansen PLC. In 1997, Hanson spun off Peabody and Eastern Energy into a new public company, The Energy Group; within the year, PacifiCorp attempted to take over the new company, but regulatory complications caused delays, and by 1998, the company was split again, with Texas Utilities taking Eastern Energy and Lehman Merchant Banking Partners taking Peabody. In May 2001, Peabody Energy completed an initial public offering of its own stock, thus becoming an independent, publicly held corporation again, but according to Hoover's Online in August 2001, Lehman Merchant Banking Partners owned nearly 60% of Peabody's stock. (Source: Peabody Energy website www.peabodyenergy.com, August 2001).

Peabody discovered coal at Black Mesa in northeastern Arizona in 1950, and leases were signed by Navajo and Hopi Tribal Councils in the 1960s as a result of corporate interest in native lands containing oil, coal, uranium, and natural gas. Since then, coal contracts at Black Mesa, located on Hopi and Navajo land, have led to the U.S. government forcibly relocating indigenous people from Big Mountain. Begun in 1986, the relocation has been under the guise of a long-standing "land dispute" between Hopi and Navajo, and the 1974 Navajo-Hopi Land Settlement Act (revised in 1980, 1985, and 1988). Peabody's Black Mesa coal mine supplies fuel to the Mohave power plant, which is owned by Southern California Edison, the Los Angeles Dept. of Water & Power, and Nevada Power. Eighty percent of Hopi tribal revenue comes from the mine. The mine itself has operated under temporary permits since the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977. Peabody uses about a billion gallons of water per year to slurry the coal from Black Mesa to the Mohave Generating Station in Laughlin, Nevada. Peabody has proposed building a pipeline to ship water from Lake Powell to the Black Mesa Mine (High Country News, Apr. 18, 1994, p. 4).

Peabody's Kayenta mine permit was renewed by the U.S. Office of Surface Mining in July 1995; the Navajo's Dine Alliance, and Don't Waste Arizona filed an appeal of the renewal; a U.S. Dept. of Interior judge reversed the permit renewal, citing desecration of burial sites, poisoned livestock, and air and water pollution; Peabody is being allowed to operate temporarily, but was ordered to meet permit requirements (High Country News, Apr. 29, 1996, p. 3).

Peabody PNG Ventures Party Ltd. is involved in oil ventures in Papua New Guinea (Oil & Gas Journal, June 5, 1989, p. 42, and June 19, 1989, p. 31).

 

 

PECTEN (SHELL U.S.)

Oil operations in Brazil (The Ecologist 19(6):219-224 (1989).

 

 

PEGASUS GOLD

North 9 Post, Suite 40, Spokane WA 99201

telephone 509-624-4653

Owns the Zortman-Landusky cyanide heap leach gold mine on U.S. Bureau of Land Management land south of the Fort Belknap (Gros Ventre and Assiniboine) Reservation in north central Montana. The mine has been operating since 1979, and now covers more than 2,500 acres. The Native American group Red Thunder, along with the tribal Island Mountain Protectors group, the Montana Environmental Information Center, American Wildlands, and the Mineral Policy Center, have challenged the operation for several years because of acid and metals pollution and because the mining is occuring on sacred land. See the following for background information:

Cultural Survival Quarterly, Fall 1992, p. 5-7.

Clementine: the Journal of Responsible Mineral Development, Spring/Summer 1993, p. 14.

High Country News, Aug. 23, 1993; and Sept. 20, 1993, p. 7.

The Mineral Policy Center, publisher of Clementine: the Journal of Responsible Mineral Development, has an Environmental Report Card on Pegasus; it gives Pegasus an "F" in Community Relations (Clementine, Winter 1992, p. 7). Write to MPC at 1325 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Room 550, Washington DC 20005.

In 1993, Island Mountain Protectors notified the EPA that it intended to file a suit. Suit was finally brought by EPA, Montana, and the tribes in 1995, charging violations of federal and state water pollution laws. In July 1996, a $39 million settlement was reached, perhaps the largest water quality settlement against a mining company in U.S. history. However, in 1997, the BLM granted a permit to expand the mine; appeals of the permit to expand have been filed by several tribes and groups (Clementine, Autumn 1993, p. 13; Northwest Nuggets, Winter 1997; Land Air Water Western Environmental Law Update, University of Oregon School of Law, Winter 1997).

 

 

PEMEX see Petroleos Mexicanos

 

 

PENNWALT

Philadelphia

Chemical company. Acquired by Elf Aquitaine in 1989 (Hoover's Handbook of World Business 1992, p. 187).

 

 

PENNZOIL

Pennzoil Place, PO Box 2967, Houston TX 77252-2967

telephone 713-546-4000

fax 713-5466-7591

Created in 1963 from the merger of South Penn Oil of Pennsylvania and George Bush's Zapata Oil. In the 1980s, Pennzoil tried to buy Getty Oil, but Texaco got it instead; Pennzoil was awarded $3 billion, and turned around and purchased almost ten percent of Chevron. A third of Pennzoil's 1990 income was from oil and gas (drilling in 13 states and offshore and in 4 other countries); 15 percent from sulphur (mining in Culberson County TX; processing in Galveston TX and Antwerp, Belgium), and 15 percent from automotive products. Its Richland Development division has land in Colorado and New Mexico and gold and silver in Borneo, Indonesia. Owns Jiffy Lube shops and Purolator (Hoover's Handbook of American Business 1992).

Pennzoil planned to develop an oil field in western Siberia (Los Angeles Times, Dec. 24, 1991, p. D2).

 

 

PEPSICO

Purchase NY 10577

telephone 914-253-2070

Hoover's Handbook 1992 (p. 432): Had 1990 sales of almost $18 billion and profits over $1 billion; 35 percent of income was from soft drinks (Pepsi, Mountain Dew), 42 percent was from snacks (Frito-Lay), and 23 percent from 18,000 fast-food restaurants (Pizza Hut, Taco Bell, Kentucky Fried Chicken). In the 1970s Pepsico got into the Russian market by agreeing to distribute Stolichnaya vodka in the U.S. Its 1990 purchase of Empresas Gamesa cookie company made Pepsico the largest consumer products company in Mexico.

See Sulak Sivaraksa's Seeds of Peace (Parallax Press, 1992) on the cultural effects of Pepsi in the Third World. See also Cultural Survival Quarterly (v.13 n.4), on Pepsi and Burma's SLORC millitary regime.

Pepsico's Egyptian snack food production is U.S. OPIC-assisted (OPIC 1991 Annual Report).

Coke, Pepsi pay Himalayan fines. "Coca-Cola and Pepsi have been fined by India's Supreme Court after painting advertisements on the side of the Himalayan mountains. The two cola giants were among 12 companies who placed adverts on ecologically sensitive rock faces on a stretch of highway running through the Himalayan range. A three-judge bench fined the two cola companies 200,000 rupees ($4,000) each, while the other companies were ordered to pay 100,000 rupees each towards the cost of repairing the damage." (BBC news, July 17, 2002).

Indian rebels target US cola. "Left-wing rebels in southern India have attacked shops selling Coca Cola and Pepsi as a mark of protest against the US-led war on Iraq. A Pepsi warehouse has also been bombed in a similar attack, police say, all of which took place in the state of Andhra Pradesh... Police in Andhra Pradesh's Anantapur district say no one was hurt in the attack on the Pepsi warehouse. They said rebels used buckets full of gelatin and pipe bombs to blast the building. Before triggering the blast the rebels ordered the five staff members to leave the warehouse. The building was said to have suffered extensive damage and a huge stock of the cola was destroyed. The owner of the warehouse said the damage was estimated to be worth more than $20,000. Police said the rebels left a note at the scene of the blast which said the action was in protest against the American-led attack on Iraq. The note also demanded immediate withdrawal of US forces from the Gulf. Shops targeted In similar incidents, rebels attacked shops selling Coca Cola in Yerragundapalem and Hanuman Junction villages of Prakasham district. An unspecified stock of the soft drink was destroyed in the attacks. Police said the rebels handed over a letter to one of the shopkeepers before fleeing. The letter, which was addressed to the US President, George W Bush, strongly condemned the war. The letter said Mr Bush was responsible for the killing innocent people for the sake of oil. The PWG also criticised the Indian Government for not strongly condemning what it called imperialist policies of the US and other countries. It called for a ban on US and British companies from investing in India. The group also pasted posters in areas of its influence in the state asking people to oppose the war. In late 2001, the PWG targeted the multi-national soft drink companies in the state to condemn the US invasion of Afghanistan." (BBC News, March 24, 2003).

Pepsi facility attacked in India. Leftist rebels have attacked a Pepsi warehouse in southern India have attacked in protest against the US-led war on Iraq. Police say 10 armed rebels belonging to the outlawed People's War Group (PWG) entered the warehouse in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh state late on Sunday night. They ordered four employees to leave the premises before smashing cases containing hundreds of Pepsi bottles. This is the third such attack on American Cola companies in Andhra Pradesh since the Iraq war began... They ordered four employees to leave the premises before smashing cases containing hundreds of Pepsi bottles. This is the third such attack on American Cola companies in Andhra Pradesh since the Iraq war began. Last week, the rebels bombed a Pepsi warehouse in Andhra Pradesh and attacked shops selling Coca-cola and Pepsi in the state. Coke and Pepsi are seen as symbols of the US. No one was hurt in the attacks but the owner of the warehouse said the damage was estimated to be worth more than $20,000. Police said the rebels left a note at the scene of the blast which said the action was in protest against the American-led attack on Iraq. The note also demanded immediate withdrawal of US forces from the Gulf. In late 2001, the PWG targeted the multi-national soft drink companies in the state to condemn the US invasion of Afghanistan." (BBC News, March 31, 2003).

 

 

PERHUTANI

Indonesia

Indonesian government-owned timber corporation; in 1968, began a joint venture enterprise with the Japanese Mofdeco. Was to cut 60,000 cubic meters of timber a year; ended up exporting twice that the first year (SKEPHI, 1990, Selling Our Common Heritage, p. 33).

Perhutani claims that it improves the social life of people living in and around the forests of teak, pine, mahogany, agthis, acacia, melalaeuca, and altignia (which Perhutani cuts down). Perhutani encourages farmers to plant fruits and vegetables on about 7,000 hectares of fallow lands between Perhutani's forest plantations (Asian Timber, Jan. 1992, p. 6).

 

 

PERTAMINA

Indonesia

Indonesian government-owned oil company. Oil revenues have been vital for the Suharto military regime in Indonesia by providing political stability and funding for Suharto's army. Phillips Petroleum, Mobil, and other U.S. oil companies entered production sharing contracts with Pertamina following the massacre of up to a million Indonesians after Suharto's takeover in 1965. Indonesia invaded East Timor in 1975, and began the killing of perhaps 200,000 out of 650,000 East Timorese people through military actions, concentration camps, and mass starvation. Since that time, Arco, Caltex (Texaco and Chevron), Exxon, Oryx Energy, Phillips, Shell, Standard Oil of Indiana (Amoco), and USX/Marathon have been crucial to Indoneisan oil production, which provides a large proportion of Indonesia's budget. U.S. Secretaries of Defense Melvin Laird and Clark Clifford, and former U.S. Senator David Boren, and the State Department's Lawrence Eagleburger have been involved in military and economic aid to Indonesia, and have all served on the board of Phillips Petroleum. In 1992 Louisiana Land and Exploration Company acquired Phillips' Indonesian oil exploration and production assets; Phillips acquired Parker & Parsley's Bridge Oil Timor Sea, Inc. Indonesian actions have been condemned by the United Nations, the European Parliament, and the non-aligned movement, and oil treaties involving East Timor territory signed by Indonesia in 1989 have been before the International Court of Justice. Genocide in East Timor continues into the 1990s. Caltex Pacific Indonesia provides nearly half of Indonesia's oil production; 23 American oil companies account for 80 percent of Indonesia's crude oil and half its natural gas. Exdxon recently signed a contract for liquified natural gas production off Natuna island (Udin, Jeffrey, The Profits of Genocide: Indonesia's Brutal Occupation of East Timor, Z Magazine, May 1996, p. 19-25, citing Jonathan Kwitny, Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Far Eastern Economic Review, The Nation, and a study for the U.S. Army bu the U.S. Library of Congress).

 

PETREL PETROLEUM

Surveying for oil in Guyana (Oil & Gas Journal, July 3, 1989, p. 32).

 

 

PETROBRAS see Petroleo Brasileiro

 

 

PETRO CANADA

111 Fifth Ave SW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2P 3E3

telephone 403-296-8000

Petro Canada is 80 percent owned by the Canadian government.

Oil well in Ecuador's Oriente region; developments include roads, pipelines, and colonization (Oil & Gas Journal, May 15, 1989).

Petro Canada began oil exploration in Burma in 1989, but later pulled out (Dara O'Rourke, "Oil in Burma: Fueling Oppression," Multinational Monitor, Oct. 1992; Burma Issues, Nov. 1993, p. 6).

Maurice Strong, the head of the 1972 UN Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm) and the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development (Rio Summit), and an advisor to the 1987 Brundtland report, is a former executive of Power Corporation of Canada (Earth Island Journal, Summer 1992, p. 37).

 

 

PETROECUADOR

State-owned oil company that has granted concessions to City Oil, Conoco, Maxus, Occidental, Tenneco, Texaco, and Unocal.

Large-scale oil development is underway in the Oriente region of the Ecuadorian Amazon. Some seven million acres are being explored; the access road Via Auca alone destroyed a million hectares of rainforest. A 250-mile network of road and hundreds of miles of pipeline are planned; oil and chemical spills have already occured, and indigenous peoples (such as Huarani and Quichua) are being affected (Rainforest Action Network Action Alert, No. 84, May 1993).

In November 1995, Ecuador's Ministry of Agriculture canceled Petroecuador's oil prospecting contract in the 1.6 million acre Cuyabeno Wildlife Refuge in northeastern Ecuador, habitat for Cofan, Siona, and Secoya peoples and giant otters, fresh water dolphins, and jaguars (Rainforest Action Network Action Alert, No. 116, January 1996).

 

 

PETROFINA

52, Rue de L'Industrie, B-1040 Brussels, Belgium

telephone 011-32-2-233-91-11 fax 011-32-2-233-34-45

American Petrofina, Fina Plaza, 8350 N. Central Expressway, Dallas TX 75206

telephone 214-750-2400 fax 214-750-2508

Fina Exploration, 20 East Refinery Rd, Big Spring, TX 79721

telephone 915-263-7661

1818 Battleground Rd, Deer Park, TX 77536

telephone 713-476-3700

Fina Exploration is owned by Petrofina, Belgium (Forbes, July 20, 1992, p. 292). Petrofina is owned by Societe Generale.

Created from the Germany's interests in Romanian oil after World War I; its main investor was the Societe Generale de Belgique. Petrofina is now Belgium's largest industrial company, with 1990 sales of 435 billion BF and profits of 22 billion BF. Some 28 percent of its profits comes from chemicals and paints. It has oil and gas operations in 21 countries; most of its production comes from the North Sea. In 1991, Petrofina made an agreement with Russia to explore 20,000 square kilometers (Hoover's Handbook of World Business 1992, p. 254).

Has a three-year (1989-1992) contract for exploration onshore and offshore southwest Sumatra, Indonesia (Oil & Gas Journal, July 31, 1989, p. 48 and Aug. 7, 1989, p. 3).

Fina Oil & Chemical and Chevron are drilling for oil on national forest land in the northern part of the Rocky Mountain Front in northwestern Montana, between Glacier National Park, the Great Bear and Bob Marshall Wilderness Areas, and the Blackfeet Indian researvation. The area is important to native peoples and to endangered species. Appeals by environmentalists and natives of oil and gas leases granted by the U.S. Forest Service delayed drilling in 1991. See Badger-Two Medicine, The Last Stronghold: Sacred Land of the Grizzly, Wolf, and Blackfeet Indian, by Bob Yetter, published by the Badger Chapter (of the Glacier-Two Medicine Alliance), Box 8374, Missoula MT 59807, 406-243-2628. The Alliance can be reached at Box 181, East Glacier MT 59434. The Blackfeet can be reached through Buster Yellow Kidney, Pikuni Traditionalists Association, Box 611, Browning MT 59417, or through Floyd Heavy Runner, Blackfeet Brave Dog Society, Box 98, Heart Butte MT 59448.

 

 

PETROLEO BRASILEIRO (PETROBRAS)

PO Box 809, 2000 Rio de Janeiro Brazil

telephone 02-212-4477

Brazil's oil company, involved in operations around the world as well, such as in Ecuador. Brasoil is a subsidiary (The Ecologist 19(6):219-224 (1989).

Refineries and other operations are listed in the Whole World Oil Directory 1991 (p. 151-152).

"Brazil's state-owned oil company Petrobras could soon face millions of dollars in fines for last week's oil spill off the coast of Rio de Janeiro, which may be the country's "worst ecological disaster in 25 years." About 338,000 gallons of crude oil spewed into Guanabara Bay after a pipeline at a Petrobras refinery ruptured on Jan.). Brazilian authorities said they would seek $27.9 million -- the maximum fine allowed for an environmental crime. The oil slick spread through the Guapimirim and Jequia mangrove swamps, which are important spawning grounds for fish, birds and crustaceans. And "hundreds of volunteers and experts" spent Jan. 22 cleaning up beaches and attempting to save endangered birds. Petrobras plans to lay down floating barriers to prevent the slick from spreading to the world-famous beaches Copacabana and Ipanema). So far the beaches have been spared from the 25-square-mile slick because of current wind patterns." (Greenwire, Jan. 24, 1999, citing Reuters-PlanetArk, AP-San Francisco Chronicle-Examiner online, Jan. 22, Salt Lake Tribune, and Reuters-New York Times).

 

 

PETROLEOS MEXICANOS (Pemex)

Avenida Marina Nacional 329, Mexico City 17 Mexico

telephone 254 47 20

National oil company.

 

 

PETRONAS (Petroliam Nasional Berhad)

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Offices in Sarawak and Sabah.

Involved in oil drilling in Burma. Myanmar Oil & Gas Enterprise (MOGE), the agency overseeing oil and gas development in Burma, is controlled by the military regime SLORC; since 1989, MOGE has signed multimillion dollar contracts with many foreign oil companies. A subsidiary of the Thai national oil company, PTT Exploration and Production, has proposed developing natural gas in Burma's Gulf of Mataban and shipping it to Thailand through an undersea pipeline. (See article by Dara O'Rourke, "Oil in Burma: Fueling Oppression," Multinational Monitor 13(10):7-11, Oct. 1992).

 

 

PEW FAMILY see Sun Company, Oryx Energy

 

 

PHELPS DODGE

2600 N. Central Ave, Phoenix AZ 85004

telephone 602-234-8100

In late 1999, it was announced that ASARCO was acquired by ten percent owner Grupo Mexico for $1.8 billion. After a merger between ASARCO and Cyprus Amax Minerals fell apart in 1999, Grupo Mexico won a bidding war for ASARCO against rival Phelps Dodge. Phelps Dodge succeeded in acquiring Cyprus Amax. After acquiring rival Cyprus Amax Minerals for $1.8 billion in , Phelps Dodge became the world's second-largest copper producer, after Chile's Codelc. (hoovers.com, citing New York Times, Oct. 16, 1999, Wall Street Journal, Dec. 1999, and other sources).

Phelps Dodge also mines gold, silver, molybdenum, fluorspar, lead, and zinc. Founded in 1821 exporting cotton and importing metals. Incorporated in 1885 as Copper Queen Consolidated Mining Co. Began copper mining in Bisbee, Arizona, in the 1880s; Moctezuma Copper in northern Mexico in the 1890s (Phelps was involved in trying to forstall the Mexican revolution). In 1917, it acquired Phelps Dodge & Co., a holding company that included Detroit Copper Mining, Burro Mountain Copper, Stag Canon Fuel, and shares in Moctezuma Copper, Bunker Hill Mines, and Phelps Dodge Mercantile. In 1930, bought National Electrical Products. Expanded to other countries in the 1950s. In 1969-1971 bought Western Nuclear (uranium mining). In 1971, merged with Consolidated Aluminum, which it sold to Swiss Aluminum in 1980. In 1969-1971 bought Western Nuclear (uranium mining). In 1971, merged with Consolidated Aluminum, which it sold to Swiss Aluminum in 1980. Ran the Morenci copper mine in Arizona, North America's biggest producer, until 1986, when it sold Morenci to Sumitomo Metal Mining Arizona. Bought Columbian Chemicals and Kennecot Santa Fe in 1986, Accuride in 1988, and Hudson Wire (now Hudson International Conductors in 1989. Has facilities in 23 countries.

Phelps Dodge subsidiaries include:

Accuride (truck wheels)
Alambres y Cables de Panama (ALCAP)
Alambres y Cables Venezolanos (ALCAVE)
Asian Cables Corp. Ltd. (Bombay, India)
Burro Chief Copper Co.
Cables Electricos Ecuatorianos (CABLEC, Ecuador)
Cobre Cerrillos (COCESA, Chile)
Columbian Chemicals (carbon black)
Compania Minera Ojos del Salado S.A.
CONDUCEN (Costa Rica)
Conductores Electricos de Centro America (CONELCA, El Salvador)
CONELEC (Mexico)
Electroconductores de Honduras (ECOHSA)
Fabrica de Conductores Electricos (FACELEC, Guatemala)
Hudson International Conductors
Keystone Electric Wire and Cable (Hong Kong)
Metal Fabricators of Zambia (ZAMEFA)
Phelps Dodge Development
Phelps Dodge Industries
Phelps Dodge International
Phelps Dodge Mining
Phelps Dodge Philipppines (Manila)
Phelps Dodge refining
Phelps Dodge Thailand Ltd.
Viem Metal Works (Greece)
Western Nuclear

Phelps Dodge has a share in the Candelaria joint venture in Chilean gold and copper (Sources for history and subsidiaries include Hoover's Handbook of American Business 1993, p. 454; and Moody's Industrial Manual 1992, p. 6107).

Phelps Dodge's copper smelter in Mexico was shut down in 1992.

Phelps' copper mining in Chile is subsidized by the U.S. government through the department of State's OPIC (see OPIC's 1991 Annual Report).

Phelps Dodge has an inactive uranium mine at Sherwood, Washington.

Further information on Phelps Dodge:

Clark-Fork Pend Oreille Coalition, Profile of Phelps Dodge, 1996-1997, Currents newsletter (PO Box 7593, Missoula MT 59807).

Interhemispheric Resource Center, Copper, Phelps Dodge, and the Future of Grant County's Mining District http://www.irc-online.org/copper/index.html includes an extensive list of Phelps Dodge operations, political contributions, and other information.

Mineral Policy Center, Environmental Report Card on Phelps Dodge, summarized in Clementine: the Journal of Responsible Mineral Development, Spring/Summer 1993, p. 11-12. For a copy of the full report, write to MPC at 1325 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Room 550, Washington DC 20005.

 

 

PHIBRO ENERGY unit of Salomon; see Anglo American (Minorco)

Westport CT

 

 

PHILEX

Copper mining on Luzon in the Philippines (Mining Magazine, Mar 1992, p. 136).

 

 

PHILIP MORRIS -- name changed to ALTRIA

"Effective January 27, 2003, at 8:00 a.m., Philip Morris Companies Inc. changed its name to Altria Group, Inc. Altria Group, Inc. is the name of the parent company of Kraft Foods, Philip Morris USA, Philip Morris International and Philip Morris Capital Corporation. Collectively, these companies form the Altria family of companies. Our name change to Altria Group, Inc., reflects the fact that we are no longer the same company we once were structurally, culturally or behaviorally. This change better reflects who we are today and who we want to be in the future. It will focus attention on the qualities we want to convey such as superior performance, financial strength and a commitment to integrity and corporate responsibility."

See ALTRIA.

 

 

PHILIP SERVICES

100 King Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N 4J6, telephone 905-521-1600

Philip Services is an integrated metals recovery and industrial services company with more than 13,000 employees at 280 operations throughout the United States, Canada and Europe. Philip provides "diversified metals services," including processing, and industrial outsourcing services to all major industry sectors -- including oil, mining, and petrochemical. "Outsourcing" means that refineries, smelters, and other industrial operations contract Philip to operate and maintain their facilities, keeping the owners' liability at bay, and keeps the contract employees' wages low.

Philips operates landfills and other treatment, storage and disposal (TSD) facilities which have been declared Superfund sites, and has disposed of waste materials at more than 200 third-party disposal facilities. Philip's liability for the eventual clean-up is obviously unknown. Even tracking Philip's current pollution record is difficult, given the loopholes in disclosure for TSD operations, and the fact that Philip has dozens of subsidiaries.

In 1997, Philip signed a 30 year agreement to provide water production and wastewater treatment services to Conoco Inc.'s Lake Charles Refinery in Westlake, Louisiana. HydroServ Westlake, LLC, jointly owned by a subsidiary of Philip Services and Conoco, has acquired all major secondary water and wastewater treatment facility assets from the refinery. Philip collects and processes waste at 44 locations of the weapons manufacturer Northrop Grumman.

Lawsuits and claims

Exxon Chemical has filed a claim against Philip's subsidiary International Catalyst (INCAT) for damages of $32.1 million arising from work conducted by INCAT at Exxon's Baytown, Texas chemical plant. Westlake PetroChemicals Corporation has also filed against Philip's subsidiary Piping Companies, Inc. after welding work conducted by PCI led to a fire which caused considerable damage to Westlake's Sulfur, Louisiana ethylene plant.

In 1997, the State of Missouri brought an enforcement action against Philip's subsidiary Solvent Recovery Company, alleging numerous violations of hazardous waste regulations at SRC's Kansas City, Missouri facility. SRC and the State of Missouri have agreed upon a payment of $225,000 to be made in two instalments and a payment of approximately $125,000 which payment is suspended and will be waived if the facility remains in compliance with applicable federal and state environmental standards for three years.

Bankruptcy

In June 1999, Philip declared Chapter 11 reorganization (bankruptcy) after losing $1.3 billion in 1998 and being forced to restructure by its creditors, particularly Carl Icahn, Philip's largest shareholder and debt holder. Philip owes more than $1 billion in debt. Shareholders have filed class actions against Philip, certain of its past and present directors and officers, the underwriters of the Company's 1997 public offering and the Company's auditors, alleging that Philip's financial disclosures contained material misstatements or omissions in violation of U.S. federal securities laws.

Part of Philip's restructuring including appointing a new CEO, Anthony Fernandes, who came from a career at Atlantic Richfield Company ("ARCO").

In April 2000, Philip Services Corporation (an Ontario company) transferred "substantially all of its assets and liabilities (except for liabilities subject to compromise)" to Philip Services Corporation (a Delaware corporation). The liabilities subject to compromise of $726.5 million were retained by the Predecessor Company and as a result, the Predecessor Company "is now insolvent." (U.S. SEC Form 10-Q for quarter ending June 30, 2000).

 

PHILIPPINE ASSOCIATED SMELTING AND REFINING CORPORATION (PASAR)

Leyte, Philippines

"Japanese financed and constructed copper smelting plant to produce high-grade copper cathodes for export to Japan. The plant occupies 400 acres of land expropriated by the Philippine government from local residents at give-away prices. Gas and water emissions from the plant contain high concentrations of boron, arsenic, heavy metals, and sulfur that have contaminated local water supplies, reduced fishing and rice yields, damaged the forests, and increased the occurrence of upper-respiratory diseases among local residents." (Korten, David. When Corporations Rule the World, pp. 31-32, citing Kabalikat, Sept. 1990: 8-10).

 

 

PHILIPPINE GEOTHERMAL INC. subsidiary of Unocal

 

 

PHILIPPINE OIL & GEOTHERMAL ENERGY

Kalayaan Bldg, Corner Salcedo & Dela Rosa Streets, Legaspi Village, Makati, Metro Manilla, Philippines

Oil exploration and development (Whole World Oil Directory 1991, p. 153).

 

 

PHILLIPS PETROLEUM

See also Pertamina.

 

 

PHILLIPS-VAN HEUSEN

1290 Avenue of the Americas, New York NY 1014

telephone 212-541-5200

Guatemalan maquiladora clothing factories. Labor problems ($2 to $3 per day's labor) have led to death threats and violence against union members (Multinational Monitor, Nov. 1991, p. 25).

 

 

PHILNICO

Nickel mining off Mindanao in the Philippines (Mining Magazine, Mar 1992, p. 136).

 

 

PHOENIX RESOURCES CO.

Oklahoma City

Offshore oil drilling at Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia (Oil & Gas Journal, Oct. 16, 1989, p. 40).

 

 

PILGRIM'S PRIDE

"An animal rights group... released a video it said it secretly taped showing cruelty at a U.S. poultry plant owned by Pilgrim's Pride Corp, and the company's shares fell as much as 5.7 percent. People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) said the tape showed workers at a West Virginia Pilgrim's Pride plant ripping off birds' beaks, spitting tobacco into their mouths and eyes, stomping and kicking live chickens, and squeezing them with such force "that the birds expelled feces." The tape is the latest in an 18-month-long series of investigations by PETA of companies that supply KFC, the fast-food chicken chain owned and operated by Yum Brands Inc. PETA spokesman Dan Shannon said the abuses found at the Pilgrim's Pride facility went far beyond the "routine, standard cruelty" the animal rights group found in past investigations. Shannon said PETA workers routinely observed crippled chickens and chickens living without adequate food and water on farms in England, Germany, Australia and India that supplied meat to KFC. But he contrasted that to "the really sadistic abuse that we found in this video" from Moorefield, West Virginia. Pilgrim's Pride, the No. 2 U.S. poultry producer after Tyson Foods, is a KFC supplier. Shares in Pilgrim's Pride were off $1.11, or 3.6 percent, at $29.65, after earlier dipping as low as $29.00 in New York Stock Exchange trading, traders said. Pilgrim's Pride spokesman Ray Atkinson said the Pittsburg, Texas-based company was "appalled at the treatment of the animals shown in the video." He said the acts shown in the PETA video were "completely contrary" to the company's policies on treatment of poultry and that any employees found in violation of those policies would be fired. KFC, also describing the videotape as "appalling," said it notified Pilgrim's Pride that it will stop buying from the West Virginia plant "unless they can definitively assure us there are absolutely no abuses taking place."... Excerpts were posted on a PETA Web site, www.petatv.com, and were being offered to U.S. television networks..." (Fowl Video Fouls Pilgrim's Pride Stock, By Richard Cowan, Reuters, ABCNews.com, July 20, 2004).

"Poultry processor Pilgrim's Pride said Wednesday it fired 11 employees at its Moorfield, West Virginia, facility after a video from animal rights group PETA showed cruelty to chickens. The company said it dismissed one superintendent, one supervisor, one foreman and eight hourly employees following an investigation it began on Tuesday after People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) released the video... "While we are making considerable progress with our investigation, we will continue with this investigation until we're confident that every employee -- regardless of rank -- who had knowledge of these incidents has been held accountable for their actions," O. B. Goolsby, president and chief operating officer said in a statement... The Pittsburgh, Texas-based company also said it has placed monitors at the plant." (Reuters, CNNMoney.com, July 21, 2004).

 

 

PIO HARDWOODS (M) Sdn Bhd

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

One of the top ten exporters of sawtimber from Malaysia in 1991 (Asian Timber, April 1992, p. 8).

 

 

PIONEER GROUP

Siberian logging operations at Siziman Bay, Khabarovsky Krai. Contact Pacific Environment and Resources Center http://www.pacificenvironment.org

 

 

PIPARWAR COAL MINE

Bihar, India

Piparwar is a 200-million-ton coal mine, designed to produce 6 million tons per year to supply power to New Delhi from plants at Jamunanagar, Haryana and Dadri, Uttar Pradesh, both World Bank projects. There are already 20 coal mines in Bihar (World Rainforest Report, No. 21, Feb. 1992, p. 7-9).

The Indian public sector is involved through Coal India (CIL) and Central Coalfields Ltd. (CCL). CCL projects at Dakra, Urimarhi, Kedla, Bachara, and Bermo have already caused heavy environmental damage (World Rainforest Report, No. 21, Feb. 1992, p. 7-9).

In January 1991, a demonstration against coal mine mechanization led to the shooting deaths of two people (World Rainforest Report, No. 21, Feb. 1992, p. 7-9).

Australian agencies (including AIDAB, AUSTRADE and its Export Finance and Insurance Corporation, and the Ministry of Trade and Overseas Development) are giving some $200 million in aid to the project. Australian companies (including White Industries Ltd.) expect to get $150 million of it back, to be spent on heavy equipment and services (World Rainforest Report, No. 21, Feb. 1992, p. 7-9).

 

 

PISA

Brazil

Timber company half-owned by Fletcher Challenge (Asian Timber, June 1992, p. 10).

 

 

PITTSBURG & MIDWAY COAL MINING CO.

6400 South Fiddler's Green Circle, Englewood CO 80111-4966

telephone 303-930-3600 fax 303-930-4204

Subsidiary of Chevron. Mining in South America, including Chile ("Miners see profits in foreign markets," AP, Dec. 6, 1992).

 

 

PITTSTON

One Pickwick Plaza,Greenwich CT 06836

telephone 203-622-0900

Appalachian coal, most of it sold on the world market. Pittston miners were stripped of health insurance benefits, leading to a bitter strike in the late 1980s. Owns Brinks armored cars and Burlington Air Freight (Everybody's Business, 1990).

For the Buffalo Creek, West Virginia disaster in February 1972, in which 125 people died when a dam holding mining slag burst, see Corporate Crime and Violence, by Russell Mokhiber.

 

 

PLACER CEGO PETROLEUM subsidiary of Placer Development

Calgary Alberta Canada

 

 

PLACER DOME

Vancouver, BC, Canada

telephone 604-685-9246

One California Bldg., Suite 2500, San Francisco CA 94111 telephone 415-986-0740

240 S. Rock Blvd. # 117, Reno NV 89502 telephone 702-323-2552

Involved in a joint venture gold mine at Omai in Guyana with Cambior, Fluor Daniel Wright, Golden Star Resources, Ivanhoe Capital, and South American Goldfields (Marcus Colchester, "Sacking Guyana" in Multinational Monitor, Sept. 1991, p. 8-14).

Involved in the Dona Lake, Ontario, Canada gold mine; the Big Bell gold mine in Western Australia; the Misima mine in Papua New Guinea; and the Porgera mine in Papua New Guinea (Minerals Inustry International, Jan. 1989, p. 3).

Owns Cortez Gold.

 

 

PLANECON

PlanEcon is a consulting company focused on the economies of the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe (Wall Street Journal, Feb. 5, 1992, p. A4).

 

 

PLATEA MINING PLC

Formerly a subsidiary of the Robertson Group, now a public company, engaged in exploration and mining development in the Choco province of Colombia, central Cyprus, Ecuador (at Campanilla near Zamora, by the Panama border), and Zimbabwe. Joint venture partners in Zimbabwe include RTZ and Anglo American's Valley Exploration and Mining Co. Ltd. (Minerals Industry International, Jan. 1990, p. 2).

 

 

PLUM CREEK TIMBER click here for a detailed profile

 

 

PLY GEM INDUSTRIES

New York

Manufacturer of home-improvement products; has a joint venture called Russian Wood Express (Wall Street Journal, Jan. 23, 1992, p. B1).

 

 

PLYWOOD TROPICS USA INC.

One SW Columbia, Suite 480, Portland, OR 97258

telephone 503-222-1622

Hardwood plywood (Crow's 1988-1989).

 

 

PNG FOREST PRODUCTS

Bulolo, Morobe, Papua New Guinea

Inchcape owns 30 percent of PNG Forest Products, a plywood mill in Bulolo; the other 70 percent is owned by the PNG government (Asian Timber, Jan. 1992, p. 7).

 

 

POLAROID

549 Technology Square, Cambridge MA 02139

telephone 617-577-2000

Founded in 1937. Three-quarters of its stock is owned by institutional investors. Won the Corporate Conscience Award of the Council on Economic Priorities in 1987 for contributing four percent of its profits to charity, and (in 1977) was among the first major American corporations to leave South Africa (Everybody's Business 1990, p. 307-309).

Has had a manufacturing joint venture in Russia since 1989 (Wall Street Journal, Jan. 23, 1992, p. B1; Christian Science Monitor, Feb. 16, 1993, p. 9).

 

 

PORGERA JOINT VENTURE

Papua New Guinea

Goldmine in the mountains of the Enga Province of Papua New Guinea's Western Highlands region. Officially opened in October 1990. Underground mining is expected to be depleted in 1997, after which open-pit mining will continue. The project includes a natural gas-fired power plant at the Hides gas field near Tari in the Southern Highlands and a 74 km electrical transmission line; construction is being delayed until the gas at Hides becomes available. Partners in the Porgera Joint Venture include Placer Pacific (Placer Dome) (30 percent), Highlands Gold (a subsidiary of Australia's MIM Holdings) (30 percent), Renison Goldfields Consolidated (30 percent), and the PNG government (10 percent) (Mining Magazine, Aug. 1991, p. 54).

In March 1993, the government of PNG announced that it would pay $144 million for a five percent stake from each of its three partners in the mine -- Placer Pacific, Highlands Gold, and Renison Goldfields Consolidated; this would raise the government's share of of equity from 10 percent to 25 percent, and its share of the profits from 36 percent to 51 percent. The mine, which began operations in September 1990, produces more than 1.4 million ounces of gold per year, and is the largest gold mine outside of South Africa (Pacnews, Mar. 19, 1993, on Econet at pactok@peg.apc.org).

See also RTZ and Fletcher Challenge.

 

 

PORTAC subsidiary of Mitsui

Operates two sawmills in Washington State. Portac's mountains of logs, cants, lumber, and other material can be seeen at the export docks in Tacoma, Washington.

"Mitsui USA exports America's paper, pulp wood and fiber products. Our export clients supply: the world's builders with logs, lumber, plywood, and wood chips its furniture and cabinet makers with decorative hardwoods. We handle manufactured wood products, including flooring, doors, window frames and staircases. Our Washington-based subsidiary, Portac Inc., is a leading supplier of lumber cut to metric sizes for traditional Japanese home construction. Portac has operated one high-tech saw mill since 1978 and opened another to keep pace with sales totaling nearly 115-million board measure in 1990. The new mill is designed to make productive use of the small, undersized trees that must be thinned as our part of forest management." (http://www.mitsui.com/depts/general.htm, Dec. 17, 1999).

Portac, Inc. 200673 Hyw.101 Beaver Wa. 98305, telephone 360-327-3377. "PorTac, a company in [Clallam] county [Washington State], has taken this strategy and doubled it. At its sawmill in Beaver, an unincorporated community east of Forks, the company has altered its operations so it can mill smaller logs. This enables it to make use of the region's second-growth timber. In Forks, PorTac has invested in the upgraded industrial park and will soon begin operating a dry-kiln there. The kiln will permit PorTac to finish its own lumber close to home. It also will be available for use by other mills and craftspeople, further contributing to the local production of value-added wood products. This arrangement has been delayed by the temporary closure of PorTac's Beaver mill because of poor supply and a weak market." (Katherine Carlson, Clallam County: Diversity Plus Natural Resources Equals Success, Washington CEO, August 1995).

 

 

POWER CORPORATION OF CANADA

Maurice Strong, the head of the 1972 UN Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm) and the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development (Rio Summit), and an advisor to the 1987 Brundtland report, is a former executive of Power Corporation of Canada (Earth Island Journal, Summer 1992, p. 37).

 

 

POWER RESOURCES INC. (PRI)

Subsidiary of Nuclear Electric and Scottish Nuclear in the UK, created in 1989 when the activities of CEGB Exploration (U.S.) were combined with the acquisition of the Highland Uranium Project near Glenrock, Wyoming, previously operated by Everest Minerals. It is one of the world's largest commercial in-situ groundwater leach (ISU) uranium mines. Exxon is working on adjacent properties; Everest acquired the Highland project from Exxon in 1983 (Mining Magazine, Aug 1991, p. 58).

 

 

PRECINCOM

Casilla 169, Quito Ecuador

Subsidiary of Mobil Oil (Whole World Oil Directory 1991, p. 153).

 

 

PREMCO PETROLEUM see Premier Consolidated Oilfileds

 

 

PREMIER CONSOLIDATED OILFIELDS

23 Lower Belgrave Street, London England

telephone 01 730-0752

Premco Petroleum subsidiary

Dallas Texas

Premier began oil exploration in Burma in 1989. Myanmar Oil & Gas Enterprise (MOGE), the agency overseeing oil and gas development in Burma, is controlled by the military regime SLORC; since 1989, MOGE has signed multimillion dollar contracts with many foreign oil companies. A subsidiary of the Thai national oil company, PTT Exploration and Production, has proposed developing natural gas in Burma's Gulf of Mataban and shipping it to Thailand through an undersea pipeline (Dara O'Rourke, "Oil in Burma: Fueling Oppression," Multinational Monitor, Oct. 1992 and June 1993).

Premier sold half of its Tennasserin coast concession in Burma to Texaco, and another 20 percent to Nippon Oil Burma Issues, Nov. 1993, p.6).

 

 

PREMIER OIL see Premier Consolidated Oilfields

 

 

PRIMELINE PETROLEUM CORPORATION

China has leased East China Sea areas to Chevron, Texaco, and a venture between Cluff Oil Ltd. of Hong Kong and Primeline Petroleum Corporation (Wall Street Journal, Dec. 16, 1993, p. A14).

 

 

PROCTOR & GAMBLE

One Proctor & Gamble Plaza, Cincinnati OH 45202

telephone 513-983-1100

Founded in 1837 with the manufacturing of soap and candles. Has diversified to include cosmetics, food and beverages, and drugs. A third of its 1990 sales of $24 billion came from overseas (Hoover's Handbook of American Business 1992).

P&G is a member of the National Wildlife Federation's Corporate Conservation Council.

The Council on Economic Priorities produced an environmental report on P&G in 1993 ($20 from CEP, 30 Irving Place, New York NY 10003, 1-800-729-4237).

P&G's "Rely" tampons were associated with Toxic Shock Syndrome, and removed from the market in 1980 (Hoover's Handbook of American Business 1992).

There have been many complaints against P&G's consumer products. There has been a long-running boycott by Neighbor to Neighbor against P&G for buying coffee beans (for its Folger's brand) from El Salvador; there have been complaints in England, Canada, and the U.S. about P&G's claims that its disposable diapers are biodegradable; and P&G has been ordered to provide bottled water for residents of Perry, Florida, due to groundwater contamination from chlorine released by its pulp mill (Earth Island Journal, Winter 1992, p. 15, and Multnational Monitor, Dec. 1991, p. 17).

In Defense of Animals called a boycott of P&G in October 1989 for its animal experimentation; an October 1992 shareholder resolution to divulge information and stop illegal experiments received seven percent of the votes. A cosponsor of the resolution, a P&G employee, was fired (National Boycott Action News Update, Spring 1993, p. 7-8).

 

 

PROTEXA see Grupo Protexa

 

 

PTT EXPLORATION & PRODUCTION

Thai national oil company.

PTT is involved in oil drilling in Burma. Myanmar Oil & Gas Enterprise (MOGE), the agency overseeing oil and gas development in Burma, is controlled by the military regime SLORC; since 1989, MOGE has signed multimillion dollar contracts with many foreign oil companies. A subsidiary of the Thai national oil company, PTT Exploration and Production, has proposed developing natural gas in Burma's Gulf of Mataban and shipping it to Kanchanaburi Province in Thailand through an undersea pipeline. (See article by Dara O'Rourke, "Oil in Burma: Fueling Oppression," Multinational Monitor, Oct. 1992 and June 1993).

The Mataban pipeline could carry some 300 million cubic feet of natural gas per day to fuel electric generation plants on Thailand's western border; construction and infrastructure could cost $800 million. The pipeline would cross the lands of the Karen and Mon peoples (Burma Issues, Nov. 1993, p. 6).