Exporting Raw Logs, Pulp, and Chips
from the Pacific Northwest

compiled by George Draffan, www.endgame.org from data in
U.S. Forest Service Resource Bulletin PNW-RB-266 (July 1997),
Production, Prices, Employment and Trade in Northwest Forest Industries

In the early 1960s, with the establishment of industrial-strength clearcutting operations on the National Forests, corporations like Weyerhaeuser, Boise Cascade, Georgia-Pacific, ITT Rayonier, and Plum Creek began to export raw logs from the Pacific Northwest. Since then, more than 80 billion board feet of raw logs have been exported. The years 1989 and 1990 saw log exports topping four billion board feet. In an average year, more than two billion board feet is exported from the West Coast as raw logs. And that doesn't include chips or other minimally-processed material -- nearly three billion board feet of chips were exported from the Northwest in 1996, as well -- which means that about half the cut in Oregon and Washington, and more than half in Alaska, is being exported as raw logs or wood chips.

 

Oregon & Washington exports of raw logs & woodchips, 1995

chip exports

(in short tons)

chip exports

(in mmbf)

log exports

(mmbf)

total cut

(mmbf)

% of cut exported as raw logs or chips

1,872,284

2,247

1,635

8,696

45

 

Million board feet of log exports, 1989-1996

Year

Total West Coast

Wash & Oreg

Alaska

Calif

1989

4,331

3,614

643

74

1990

3,685

3,008

569

108

1991

3,148

2,542

529

77

1992

2,731

2,182

532

18

1993

2,296

1,708

563

26

1994

2,116

1,571

525

19

1995

2,188

1,605

562

22

1996

2,056

1,503

530

23

 

Northwest Log Export Ports, 1996

Port

Million board feet

Longview WA

412

Tacoma WA

371

Aberdeen-Hoquiam WA

329

Ketchikan AK

241

Anchorage AK

187

Everett WA

134

Juneau AK

99

Portland OR

82

Coos Bay OR

79

British Columbia, Canada

69

Port Angeles WA

55

Other WA ports

31

Seattle WA

14

Eureka CA

13

Astoria OR

11

Oakland CA

10

Anacortes WA

9

Sacramento CA

8

Newport OR

6

Valdez AK

3

Montana and Idaho

3


Source of export data:

 

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